FM 3-25.150(FM 21-150)
Most hand-to-hand situations on the battlefield will involve several
people. Varying levels of force will be appropriate based on the situation
and rules of engagement. Whether there are more friendlies or enemies, or
whether or not some of the parties are armed, soldiers should enter a fight
with a well-rehearsed plan and an overall fight strategy.
Section I. LETHAL FORCE SCENARIOS
The fundamental truth of hand-to-hand fighting is that the winner will be the one whose
buddies show up first with a weapon. Given modern equipment, complicated scenarios,
and the split seconds available to make life and death decisions, soldiers must be armed
with practical and workable solutions.
You will usually find yourself in a hand-to-hand situation unexpectedly; for example,
your weapon jams when entering a room during MOUT. The first thing you must do is
determine the appropriate actions to take, which will primarily be based on the range to
the enemy. Against an armed enemy, the deciding factor of range is whether or not you
can close the gap before the enemy can bring his weapon to bear.
a. Close Range. If you are near enough to the enemy to close before he can bring
his weapon to bear, you should immediately close the distance and gain control of him.
b. Long Range. If the range is too great, or the enemy has sufficient time to bring
his weapon to bear, the only options are to escape or take cover. Give your buddy a clear
shot or get where you can clear your weapon to get yourself back in the fight.
If you have closed the distance, your primary goal is to control the enemy. This means
controlling his ability to influence the rest of the fight, and controlling his ability to
damage you. You are essentially stalling until someone can come to your aid.
a. Body Control. You must control the enemy’s ability to move, which can done by
gaining and maintaining a dominant body position. This can also be accomplished by
pinning the enemy in place (for example