Americans with Disabilities Act
Facts about the
AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990 (P.L. 101-336) gives to individuals with disabilities civil rights equal to
those accorded on the basis of race, sex, national origin and religion.
It guarantees for individuals with disabilities equal opportunity for employment, public accommodations, transportation, state
and local government services and telecommunications.
The ADA was signed into law by President George Bush on July 26, 1990.
Employers may not discriminate against an individual with a disability in hiring or promotion if the person is otherwise
qualified for the job. Employers can ask about one’s ability to perform a job, but cannot inquire if someone has a disability
or subject a person to tests that tend to screen out people with disabilities.
Employers will need to provide “reasonable accommodation” to individuals with disabilities. This includes steps such as job
restructuring and modification of equipment.
Employers do not need to provide accommodations that impose an “undue” hardship on business operations.
Who needs to comply:
All employers with 25 or more employees must comply, effective July 26, 1992.
All employers with 15-24 employees must comply, effective July 26, 1994.
State and Local Governments
State and local governments may not discriminate against qualified individuals with disabilities.
All government facilities, services and communications must be accessible consistent with the requirements of Section 504
of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973.
New Public transit buses ordered after August 26, 1990, must be accessible to individuals with disabilities.
Transit authorities must provide comparable paratransit or other special transportation services to individuals with
disabilities who cannot use fixed route bus service, unless an undue burden would result.
Existing rail systems must have one accessible car per train by July 26, 1995.
DE 8625 Rev. 6 (3-06) (IN