INTRODUCTION TO CLOSED CIRCUIT TELEVISION
A Closed Circuit television (CCTV) system is a television system, which operates on a closed loop basis,
unlike the Television at home, which is a public system available to anyone with a suitable receiver, CCTV images are
only available to those connected to the closed loop.
The main function of the CCTV system is to allow surveillance and remote viewing, typically; from several
cameras, back to one location within the same building. Usually, it is a part of an overall integrated package operated
by security personnel that includes access control, alarms, intrusion detection and communication.
The true scope for+ applications is almost unlimited. Some examples are:
o Monitoring traffic on a bridge.
o Recording the inside of baking oven to find the cause of problems
o A temporary system to carry out traffic survey in a town center.
o The well-publicized use at foot ball stadiums, etc.
o Hidden in busses to control vandalism.
o Production control & Security monitoring a factory.
Through these systems some of the on-going hazardous processes are being monitored remotely from the control
rooms which are in the Vicinity of the production facility. This is the only on line visual communication in the plant.
That is the reason why CCTV systems are so important in the shop floors.
A traditional CCTV system recording was on video tapes. This was fine for recording what was going on, but it didn’t
broadcast actual live information, so it wasn’t practical for monitoring stores, for instance, from a remote location. It
simply provided what happened after the fact. The picture quality wasn’t great and it relied on human reliability as
well someone had to remember to change the tapes regularly, etc.
For lthe authorized personnel; to view continuous production processes round the clock, IP based CCTV system is very
essential. So this project describes IP based CCTV in a site.
EXISTING CCTV SYSTEM
The simple system Is a camera connected