Dialogue on Drafts for Essay on Dunayevskaya’s “Philosophic Moment” and the
Dialectic of Necessity and Freedom in Hegel and in Marx
November 27 Letter from Franklin to Russell
Thanks for sending your draft essay. I thought it was quite serious and enjoyed reading it.
I think it would be important to get published some discussion of the relation of the
Introduction to Hegel's Philosophy of Mind to the three final syllogisms, viewed through
the lens of the 1953 letters. So here are some comments that I hope you will find helpful.
First, it's over twice as long as an essay article in N&L is supposed to be. That's not a
problem for publication elsewhere, but it is too long for N&L…
Second, your discussion of a "higher 'lower phase'" strikes me as problematic, including
the assignment of "labor as life's prime want" to "the realm of necessity." Forgive me if
I'm going over some ground we've already discussed, but I consider it important.
I think a key passage is RLWLKM, pp. 156-57, where RD writes:
"What must tower above all struggles...is the perspective of a totally classless society; the
vision of its ground would be 'from each according to his ability, to each according to his
"...[Marx] is projecting [in CGP] so totally new a concept of labor as the creative self-
activity of humanity that he is now saying that we will reach communism only when
'labor from a mere means of life, has itself become the prime necessity of life....'" (I will
mention below why I think "need" is a better translation than "necessity" for our present
I think Marx always had this concept of "labor as the creative self-activity of humanity"
from 1844 on, but the terminology changed, so that initially he called for the "abolition of
labor" and later its "emancipation" (or emancipation of the working classes, as he
sometimes insisted was more precise). And there may appear to be a terminological
difference between Capital, Vol. 3, and CGP, in that the fo