Motivating Personnel at
Russian Nuclear Power
A Case-Study of Motivation
Masha Katsva and Stephen E. Condrey, Ph.D.
The article examines the case of personnel management at the facilities of
the Russian Ministry of Atomic Energy (fl/linatom). The data are derived from
surveys of nuclear facility employees conducted by Minatom Professional
Training Institute Atomenergo. This analysis compares the survey's findings
on personnel motivation with the findings of a major Russian polling organi-
zation, and uses motivation theory to develop recommendations for
personnel management strategies at Russian nuclear power plants (NPPs).
The study has important implications as increased scrutiny is focused on
the safety and security of Russia's nuclear stockpile and ultimately on the
role that personnel management systems will play in positively or negatively
influencing nuclear security.
The article also draws upon the authors' experience in teaching and
consulting with the Russian Ministry of Atomic Energy since 1999.
Additionally, one ot the authors is a Russian citizen.
I n the former Soviet Union, public administration was not considered an impor-
tant research area. Consequently, Russia lacks personnel management theories
grounded in its unique history and culture. Western theories are currently being
applied to personnel management in Russia, particularly at private companies. How-
ever, there has been no systematic research concerning personnel motivation at
nuclear facilities, which, due to their unique function, may not operate according to
standard public administration models. This study is an attempt to understand further
the institutional culture prevailing in the facilities that bouse the world's largest stock-
pile of nuclear material.
Public Personnel Management Volume 34 No. 4 Winter 2005
Why is the case of Minatom so important?
Nuclear weapons production was at the core of the huge Soviet military industrial
complex. Nuclear weapons were produced by Minatom—an organization ana