Highlights from this issue include: More development in the Shuttle Program, Tilting Rotor Aircraft, Pioneer 11 Reaches Saturn, The Space Telescope, Land Sat Programs, Water Depth Measurement, Heat Mapping, Freeze Prediction, Global Weather Studies, The Sewer Mouse, Deepsea Drillships, Alaska Pipeline Insulation, Window nsulation, Infrared Heaters, Weather forcasting aids, Vacuum Drying, Waterjets, NASA Energy Cost Analasys Program, Multi-Module AuytoMicrobic System for Hostpital Labs, Dental Arch Wire, Electronic Packaging Techniques, Laser Research, Wood Burning Heaters, Smoke Detectors, Solar Screen, New Life for San Fransisco's Cable Cars, Lightning Detector,
As a result of a 1958 congressional mandate, NASA, in 1962, created the Technology Utilization Program. It was supported by Technology Utilization Offices at each of the field centers and four Industrial Applications Centers (IACs). The number of IACs grew rapidly to seven by the early 1970s and ten in the early 1980s.
Early studies of Tech Briefs, the publication dedicated to informing the scientific community about available NASA technologies, and ongoing requests received for supporting information, indicated a strong need in the private sector for new technology to aid in the development of commercial products and services.
When spinoff products began to emerge from space technologies, NASA considered the possibility of an annual report to present at congressional budget hearings. The result was a black and white ÃƒÂƒÃƒÂ‚Ã‚Â¢Technology Utilization Program Report,ÃƒÂƒÃƒÂ‚Ã‚Â¢ published in 1973, followed by another one in 1974. The technologies in these reports created interest in the technology transfer concept, its successes, and its use as a public awareness tool. The reports generated such keen interest by the public that NASA decided to make them into an attractive publication. Thus, the first four-color edition of Spinoff was published in 1976.
Each year since, a new issue has highlighted the transfer of NASA technology to the private sector. The Agency distributes copies to politicians, economic decision makers, company CEOs, academics, professionals in technology transfer, the news media, and the general public.
NASAÃƒÂƒÃƒÂ‚Ã‚Â¢s Spinoff publication accomplishes several goals. First, it is a convincing justification for the continued expenditure of NASA funds. It serves as a tool to educate the media and the general public by informing them about the benefits and dispelling the myth of wasted taxpayer dollars. It reinforces interest in space exploration. It demonstrates the possibility to apply aerospace technology in different environments. It highlights the ingenuity of American inventors, entrepreneurs, and application engineers, and the willingness of a government agency to assist them. And finally, it continues to ensure global competitiveness and technological leadership by the United States.
The total number of stories published since 1976 is nearly 1,800, which does not include approximately 100 stories featured in the 1973 and 1974 reports.
An Annual Report
National Aeronautics and
by James J. Haggerty
Office of Space and Acknowledgements:
James E. Beebe, Ph.D., Informatics
Technology Transfer Division Information Systems Company for
coordinating the preparation of this
report; Beveridge and Associates, Inc
for design and production, and
William P.Taub for assistance with
W r sale by the Sul~erintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office
Washington, D.C. 20402
Stock NO. 033-000-007574
Technology is knowledge, the techni-
cal "know-how" employed by a soci-
ety to produce things that improve the
quality of human life. Like other forms
of knowledge, it is transferable; once
developed, technology can be
applied to uses different-and often
remote-from the original application.
Thus, the technology that NASA has
developed in more than two decades
of space and aeronautical research
constitutes a valuable national re-
source, a bank of knowledge available
for secondary utilization, or "spinoff."
NASA mainline programs, by their
challenging nature, are particularly
demanding of technological advance;
meeting their goals has forced
extraordinary advancements in virtually
every scientific and technological dis-
cipline. For that reason, the wealth of
available for transfer is exceptionally
diverse, and much of i t is readily
applicable to secondary use over a
broad spectrum of public needs and
Through its Congressionally-
mandated Technology Utilization
Program, NASA seeks to promote
wider use of this technological re-
source. The program provides a link
between the technology bank and
those in either the private or public
sectors who might be able to re-use
the technology productively. Its aim is
to accelerate the transfer process, to
bring to the marketplace sooner those
spinoffs which might eventually occur
in the normal course of events, and to
gain thereby more immediate