Apart from the manor, the church was the main focus of community
life. Church parishes were usually the manor villages.
Below is a picture of a PRIEST, PEASANT, or KNIGHT ? (Circle the correct
A priest ran each of the churches in England. There was a
priest in almost every village. In church priests baptised
(christened) babies, performed marriage services and held
funerals. They had to obey the King and the Pope. Women
could not be priests. Priests were not allowed to get married.
In your books write out the text below. Fill in the missing words in the
correct places using the words from the box above.
The parish was appointed by the o of the manor and was given a house.
He was obliged to carry money for alms with him, keep up the church, and provide
The priest was usually a commoner by birth, though serfs were tied to the land and
were not allowed to become priests. The priest officiated at church , weddings,
baptisms, funerals, and visited the ill. He earned his living from the income for parish
lands, fees for services, and tithe money.
Tithing was a system whereby each person was expected to give 1/10 of their
earnings to support the church. The tithe
was divided up evenly between
the parish priest, the church maintenance fund, the poor, and the bishop.
Please turn over your sheet when you have got this far!
By Mr Yelland
The chancel (where the altar is) belonged to the lord. The nave and the tower
belonged to the people of the parish. Manor courts were often held in the nave, and
tenants came there to pay their rent, or scot. A free meal was given to those who paid
their scot, hence our term, "scot free".
The church tower occasionally served double duty as the priest's residence and often
was built to be in times of trouble.