Driving in Singapore
The Pan Island Expressway, one of the main
arteries in Singapore road network.
Life in Singapore
Several steps have to be completed before a
citizen can ultimately drive in Singapore. In
addition to a driving license, a Certificate of
Entitlement (CoE) is required, costing several
thousand Singapore dollars. This permits the
vehicle to be driven for a period of 10 years
after which the vehicle must be scrapped.
Certain roads in Singapore require users to
pay per use via Singapore’s Electronic Road
Pricing (ERP) system. These two measures
have been taken to encourage people to use
public transport such as the MRT.
In Singapore cars drive on the left, the
same asneighbouring Malaysia. Both coun-
tries were under British colonial rule and
drive on the left as is done in the United
Kingdom and other former British colonies
including Australia, New Zealand and Hong
The per capita car ownership rate in
Singapore is 12 cars per 100 people. This
compares with the per capita rate of 46 cars
per 100 people in Australia. In 2005,
Singapore had the 24th highest per capita
gross domestic product. For the same year,
Australia was 20th in the world.
Geylang Road was one of the earliest roads
built in Singapore.
The earliest roads in Singapore after its
founding in 1819 were laid out in the Jackson
Plan of 1822, in keeping with Sir Stamford
Raffles’s directions. A grid system was adop-
ted for the town area, with roads for car-
riages 16 yards (15 m) wide, and those for
horses at four yards. Pedestrian paths along
the roadsides were two yards wide, allowing
room for two to walk abreast and giving rise
to the five-foot ways that came to be associ-
ated with the sheltered walkways along road-
These roads were fairly advanced for the
time, with Macadam surfacing used on High
in 1821, for instance.
Roads were also constru