Trade and Agriculture
What’s at Stake for Alaska?
U.S. Department of Agriculture
Foreign Agricultural Service
Exports of farm products help boost Alaska’s farm prices and income. Such exports help
support jobs both on and off the farm in food processing, storage, and transportation. In
2005, Alaska’s farm cash receipts were $53 million, and agricultural exports were nearly
Alaska Benefits From Trade Agreements
Alaska is already benefiting from a number of agricultural trade agreements. While there
is still much to be done, examples of market opportunities for Alaska include:
Under the U.S.-Chile and U.S.-Singapore Free Trade Agreements, Alaska will
benefit when Chile’s and Singapore’s tariffs on wood products will be eliminated
immediately, upon implementation of the agreements.
In the Uruguay Round, major U.S. trading partners reduced their tariffs by 28
percent on average for wood products. In the case of Japan, the tariff cuts (along
with other liberalization measures taken under the U.S.-Japan Wood Products
Agreement and the U.S.-Japan Enhanced Initiative on Deregulation and
Competition Policy) helped create significant new market opportunities for a
wide-range of value-added wood products.
NAFTA provided for the progressive elimination of Mexico’s tariffs on wood
products, with most tariffs eliminated immediately or over five years. The last
tariffs were eliminated on January 1, 2003. Following Mexico's severe economic
downturn in 1995, U.S. wood sales have risen steadily. Mexico is our third largest
export market for wood products with exports totaling $512 million in 2005.
The elimination of tariffs under the 1989 U.S.-Canada Free Trade Agreement led
to a large increase in U.S. wood products sales to Canada. Canada has become the
United States' largest export market for wood products, surpassing even Japan.
U.S. wood products exports to Canada more than doubled from 1989 to 2005,
from $644 million to $2 billion.