ACADEMIC APTITUDE AND ACHIEVEMENT: Chp.6
Almost all counselors can expect to be consulted about scholastic aptitude tests, even if
they work in settings where they seldom make use of them.
Assessment of scholastic aptitude is particularly important because it is significantly
related to achievement in various educational programs in high school, colleges, and
Test results on the College Board, National Merit, and ACT College Admissions Tests
have often been misinterpreted, even by those with some understanding of their score
distributions, but recent scoring modifications should make them more easily understood.
ACT and SAT are approximately equal in their ability to predict college grades
Most studies have found that high school grades are the best predictors of college GPAs
Scholastic aptitude tests contribute to academic selection and placement by identifying
unrecognized academic potential and by acting as a correction factor for high school
grades resulting from differing levels of competition.
Scholastic aptitude tests are used as sources of information for the selection and
admission of students to institutions of higher education at the undergraduate and
graduate or professional levels.
The two most commonly required college-level aptitude tests are the SAT and the ACT.
- Administered since 1926
- Taken by over 1 million college-bound high school students each year
- Design, administration, and reporting are carried out by the Educational Testing
- Revised in 19994, renamed the Scholastic Assessment Test –I (SAT-I)
3 hour primarily multiple-choice test
- Attempts to measure developed abilities or intellectual skills and is not meant to
be an achievement test tied to particular high school courses or curriculum
- National merit Scholarship Qualifying Test
- Taken in the 11th grade
- Considered by some to be a trail run of the SAT
- Top 1% of each state are scholarship qualifiers