Basque Country (greater region)
Euskal Herria Basque Country
Location of the Basque Country
The seven provinces that Basque nationalism claims as
historical Basque Country span France (light yellow) and
Spain (rest of the map). The non-Basque enclaves of Valle
de Villaverde and Treviño are pictured in red and blue,
respectively. Names in this map are in Basque
The Basque Country (Basque: Euskal Her-
ria, Spanish: País Vasco, French: Pays
Basque) as a cultural region (not to be con-
fused with the homonym Autonomous Com-
munity of the Basque country) is a European
region in the western Pyrenees that spans
the border between France and Spain, on the
Atlantic coast. It comprises the autonomous
communities of the Basque Country and Nav-
arre in Spain and then the Northern Basque
Country in France.
It roughly corresponds with the homeland
of the Basque language and Basque tradi-
tions. As such, it is a concept mostly used
within Basque nationalism.
The modern claim of the extension of Basque
Country, coined in the nineteenth century, is
made up of seven traditional regions. The
four regions within the Spain, or Laurak Bat,
form Hegoalde (“the South”), while the three
within France form Iparralde ("the North").
Southern Basque Country
The Southern Basque Country (Spanish: País
• Alava (Álava in Spanish, Araba in Basque),
capital Vitoria, (Vitoria-Gasteiz, officially).
Vitoria is also the capital of the
Autonomous Community of the Basque
Country. Other cities are Laudio and
• Treviño, a Castilian enclave in Alava, is
also claimed as Basque under this
• Biscay (Vizcaya in Spanish, Bizkaia in
Basque), capital Bilbao (Bilbo in Basque).
Other cities are Gernika-Lumo, Getxo,
Barakaldo, Portugalete, Bermeo, Durango,
• Valle de Villaverde, a Cantabrian
enclave in Biscay, is also claimed as
Basque under this concept.
• Guipuscoa (Guipúzcoa in Spanish,