Different types of Hammers
A wide range of Hammers are available, varying in shape, size and weight. The different
styles reflect different uses. Around the house, the average diy'er only really needs one or two
The shape of Hammer heads has not changed much over the years although some modern
materials are now used in both the head and handle. Traditionally handle were made of wood
fixed through a hole in the head; this allowed the handle to be easily replaced if required.
Modern hammers use modern materials and the handles are often built into the head - often
with a form of built-in shock absorber to make them
easier to use.
The most popular hammer for general work,
available with a wooden (often hickory), glass-fibre
or steel handle; with or without rubber grip. The most
popular weights are 455-680g (16 to 24oz). The claw
is normally curved, and incorporates a 'V' cut-out to
draw nails from timber. The claw can be used to lever up floorboards or where other places
where a lever is required; care must be taken (especially with cheaper models) as the force
applied can easily weaken the joint between the handle and the head.
Normally used by engineer's, the pein in this case, is
rounded and is usually used for shaping metal and closing
rivets. Ball pein hammers are available from 55 - 1100 (4
oz upto 2 lb.), 110 - 165g (8oz 12oz) are the most suitable for general use. Handles are
normally wood, usually Ash or Hickory.
Again, mainly used for shaping metal, the pein can be at right angles to the handle or parallel
with it. The most useful domestically is the cross pein, where the pein can be used for starting
panel pins and tacks. Handles are normally wood, usually Ash.
A lighter version of the Cross and Straight Pein
hammer, ideal for light joinery and cabinet work.
Weight 55g (4oz).
Sometimes called a Lump Hammer, it has a double faced
head, and is useful