Proceedings of the International Conference on Research Highlights and Vanguard
Technology on Environmental Engineering in Agricultural Systems
September 12-15, 2005, Kanazawa, Japan, 181-187.
Research and Development Directions in Agricultural Machinery
Engineering in the Philippines
Delfin C. Suministrado
Agricultural Machinery Division, Institute of Agricultural Engineering,
College of Engineering and Agro-Industrial Technology, University of the Philippines Los Baños,
College, Laguna 4031, Philippines
The level of agricultural mechanization in the Philippines is generally low as human and animal power
sources still dominate most operations. Although policy makers had long recognized the potentials of
mechanization as a tool in the country’s agricultural and economic development, no comprehensive plan had
been adopted and only fragmentary policies and strategies were implemented.
The agricultural machinery industry is characterized by the importation of heavy machines and prime
movers and local assembly and fabrication of small equipment. With these prime movers and important
component parts, locally manufactured machines have high import content.
Research and development activities are heavily focused on downstream and midstream research like
design, development and improvement of tools, implements and machines for production and post-production
of various crops like rice and corn. Research gaps exist in other potential commodities such as coconut and
fruit crops, and, in many critical fields such as precision agriculture, material science and energy resources.
Keywords: Agricultural engineering in the Philippines, Agricultural mechanization in the Philippines,
Research and development in agricultural engineering in the Philippines
As the Philippines seeks ways to modernize its
agriculture to be able to supply the required food,
feed and fiber off its growing economy, its
mechanization arm still lags behind other agricultural