In 2013–14, Harvard Business School (HBS) conductedits third alumni survey on U.S. competitiveness. Ourreport on the findings focuses on a troubling divergencein the American economy: large and midsize firmshave rallied strongly from the Great Recession, andhighly skilled individuals are prospering. But middleandworking-class citizens are struggling, as aresmall businesses. We argue that such a divergence isunsustainable, explore its root causes, and examineactions that might mitigate it. We ask in particular, howcan we create a U.S. economy in which firms both thrivein global competition and lift the living standards of theaverage American?Four patterns that shed light on this question emergedfrom survey respondents’ assessments of the U.S.business environment. Read about them in this report.