Theories of Intelligence
Early Theories: Spearman,
Thurstone, and Cattell
Sternberg, Gardner, and Goleman
Comparing the Theories
The Stanford-Binet Intelligence
The Wechsler Intelligence Scales
Performance and Culture-Fair Tests
What Makes a Good Test?
Criticisms of Intelligence Tests
What Determines Intelligence?
Heredity vs. Environment: Which
Is More Important?
Mental Abilities and Human
Extremes of Intelligence
Creativity and Intelligence
You will find the answers to these
questions in the chapter:
1. How do contemporary concepts of
intelligence differ from earlier
2. What kind of intelligence tests are
in use today?
3. Do intelligence test scores predict
success in later life?
4. What do adoption studies reveal
about the sources of intelligence?
5. Are males naturally better than
females at mathematics?
6. Is giftedness more than just a high
7. What is the relationship between
creativity and intelligence?
7. The opposite of hate is:
(a) enemy (b) fear (c) love (d) friend (e) joy
8. If three pencils cost 25 cents, how many pencils can be bought for 75 cents?
9. Choose the word that is most nearly opposite in meaning to the word in capi-
SCHISM: (a) majority (b) union (c) uniformity (d) conference (e) construction
10. Select the item that completes the following series of four figures:
n many societies, one of the nicest things you can say to a person is “You’re smart.”
In those same societies, one of the most insulting things you can say is “You’re stu-
pid.” Intelligence is so basic to our view of human nature that any characterization
of another person that neglects to mention his or her level of intelligence is consid-
ered incomplete. Intelligence affects our success in school, the