More popular Different Forms of Urdu Poetry
The following forms of Urdu poetry are known, some more popular than others:fard
A composition consisting of only one sher.
Gazal (pronounced "guzzle")
Ghazal is a collection of couplets (shers or ashaar) which follow the rules of â€˜matla', â€˜maqta', â€˜bahar', â€˜qafiya' and â€˜radeef'. The couplets
are complete in themselves. All the couplets of a ghazal must be of the same bahar, end in the same words (radeef) and have the same rhyming
pattern (qaafiyaa). Every ghazal MUST have a matla. A ghazal may or may not have a maqta but if it does, it has to be the last sher of the ghazal.
Ghazals which do not have a radeef are called Gair-muraddaf ghazals. In such cases, the rule of qafiya is strictly followed. These type of ghazals are
very rare. Ghazals with the same radeef are called ham-radeef ghazals.
Poem written in praise of God.
Humourous poetry, also known as â€˜mazaahiyaa' or â€˜mazaakiyaa' shaayari. Some examples of humourous Urdu poetry can be viewed here.
A satirical poem written to condemn or abuse a person. This type of poetry is considered inferior and generally avoided by reputed poets. The opposite
of a hijv is a madah which is written in praise of patrons.
Poem written in praise of royalty, patrons, etc.
A poem written in praise of members of the family of the holy Prophet.
An elegy written to mourn the death of a great man or a dearly loved person. In its stricter sense, traditionally accepted in Urdu, a marsiya is an elegy
written specifically in honour of the martyrdom of Hazrat Imam Husain and his comrades at Karbala. It describes the battle fought on the plains of
Karbala by Hazrat Imam Husain against the army of Yazid. The most well known writers of Marsiya in Urdu are Mir baber Ali Anees and Salamat Ali
Dabir. Sub-parts of the marsiya are called Nauh