A Century of Ideas
Fundamental Theories of Physics
An International Book Series on The Fundamental Theories of Physics:
Their Clarification, Development and Application
GIANCARLO GHIRARDI, University of Trieste, Italy
VESSELIN PETKOV, Concordia University, Canada
TONY SUDBERY, University of York, UK
ALWYN VAN DER MERWE, University of Denver, CO, USA
A Century of Ideas
Perspectives from Leading Scientists
of the 20th Century
B.M. Birla Science Centre,
Adarsh Nagar, Hyderabad, India
c© 2008 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
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Dr. B.G. Sidharth
B.M. Birla Science Centre
International Institute for Applicable Mathematics
& Information Science
Library of Congress Control Number: 2008923553
Dedicated to the memory of
Mr. Braj Mohan and Mrs. Rukmani Birla
The B.M. Birla Science Centre, inspired by the memory of Mr. and Mrs. B.M.
Birla, has blossomed into India’s premiere institution for the dissemination of
science. Shortly after its inception, it started a series of lectures, most of them
aimed at a general audience or an audience of non-specialist scientists. Some
of the greatest minds in science have delivered these lectures over the years,
most of them under the B.M. Birla Memorial Lecture series and some under
the Distinguished Lecture series.
In fact twenty Nobel Laureates and a number of other scientists of equal
caliber have delivered these lectures. The distinguished list includes: Nobel