As a recreational landowner, you most likely desire the high-
est quality wildlife habitat your property can off er. Interseed-
ing will make your CRP ground more attractive to wildlife
by adding legumes and native forbs to a stand previously
dominated by grass. Pairing with a local cattle producer to
graze your CRP ground can help maximize the wildlife ben-
efi ts provided by interseeding.
Interseeding is one of the acceptable Mid-Contract Man-
agement activities required by most Conservation Reserve
Program contracts. Without MCM activities, like interseed-
ing, the quality of grassland habitat steadily decreases about
fi ve years after the initial seeding. The MCM activities like
interseeding, reset the plant community conditions so habi-
tat quality will improve for early successional wildlife species
like pheasants and quail.
The interseeded species produce better feeding areas,
especially for broods of young birds; by attracting insects
that supply the protein they need in their diet to grow body
mass and feathers. These same legumes and forbs are also
preferred forage for deer and other mammals, especially
during the summer and early fall.
How Grazing Fits with MCM
MCM activities on CRP are cost shared by FSA at a 50 per-
cent rate. However grazing entails a 25 percent reduction in
the CRP rental payment for the year that the site is grazed.
The 25 percent rental reduction can be off set by charging
rent to the livestock producer who utilizes the CRP. But even
without a rental payment from the livestock owner, this one
time loss in income is off set by the creation of more diverse
While grazing is not a MCM activity, it can be used to
enhance the application of the other MCM options. For
example with less duff , disking or interseeding is easier and
less costly. Grazing would meet the requirement that the
grass stand is weakened prior to interseeding.
Grazing also provides benefi ts independent of interseedng
or other MCM options. While overgrazing can be detri-