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HOW DOES YOUR STATE COMPARE?
FACTS & FIGURES
In 1941, we introduced our first edition of Facts & Figures.
“There is need for concise and accurate data,” we wrote.
“Facts give a broader perspective; facts dissipate predilec-
tions and prejudices. . . [and] this collection of data is an
important step to meet the challenge presented by the
broad problems of public finance.”
Facts & Figures 2021: How Does Your State Compare? builds
on these seven decades of tradition. Mailed to every
state legislator and governor, this handbook is designed
to be a pocket- and purse-sized guide to state rankings
on tax rates, collections, burdens, and more. For easy
accessibility, this publication is also available in our free
Tax Foundation mobile app.
These tables were compiled by Tax Foundation staff and
updated by Policy Analyst Janelle Cammenga. We hope
these facts contribute to a healthy public debate.
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Vice President of State Projects
SOUND TAX POLICY
As a nonpartisan, educational organization, the Tax
Foundation has earned a reputation for independence
and credibility. All Tax Foundation research is guided by
the principles of sound tax policy, which should serve as
touchstones for policymakers and taxpayers everywhere.
SIMPLICITY: Tax codes should be easy for taxpayers
to comply with and for governments to administer and
TRANSPARENCY: Tax policies should clearly and plainly
define what taxpayers must pay and when they must pay
it. Disguising tax burdens in complex structures should be
avoided. Additionally, any changes to the tax code should
be made with careful consideration, input, and open
NEUTRALITY: Taxes should neither encourage nor
discourage personal or business decisions. The purpose
of taxes is to raise needed revenu