INTRODUCTION - 2002 COUNTRY PROFILES SERIES
Agenda 21, adopted at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in Rio de
Janeiro in 1992, underscored the important role that States play in the implementation of the Agenda at the national
level. It recommended that States consider preparing national reports and communicating the information therein to
the Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD) including, activities they undertake to implement Agenda 21,
the obstacles and challenges they confront, and other environment and development issues they find relevant.
As a result, in 1993 governments began preparing national reports for submission to the CSD. After two years of
following this practice, the CSD decided that a summarized version of national reports submitted thus far would be
useful. Subsequently, the CSD Secretariat published the first Country Profiles series in 1997 on the occasion of the
five-year review of the Earth Summit (Rio + 5). The series summarized, on a country-by-country basis, all the
national reports submitted between 1994 and 1996. Each Profile covered the status of all Agenda 21 chapters.
The purpose of Country Profiles is to:
• Help countries monitor their own progress;
Share experiences and information with others; and,
Serve as institutional memory to track and record national actions undertaken to implement Agenda 21.
A second series of Country Profiles is being published on the occasion of the World Summit on Sustainable
Development being held in Johannesburg from August 26 to September 4, 2002. Each profile covers all 40 chapters
of Agenda 21, as well as those issues that have been separately addressed by the CSD since 1997, including trade,
energy, transport, sustainable tourism and industry.
The 2002 Country Profiles series provides the most comprehensive overview to date of the status of
implementation of Agenda 21 at the national level. Each Country Profile