Building Energy Efficiency
NTIS order #PB92-169267
GPO stock #052-003-01280-4
U.S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment, Building Energy Efficiency, OTA-E-518
(Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, May 1992).
This report was prepared as part of the ongoing OTA assessment, ‘ ‘U.S. Energy
Efficiency: Past Trends and Future Opportunities,” carried out in response to requests from
the Senate Committees on Governmental Affairs and Energy and Natural Resources; the
House Committee on Energy and Commerce; and an endorsement from the Chairman of the
Subcommittee on Environment of the House Committee on Science, Space, and Technology.
Other reports in this assessment examine energy use in the Federal Government, industry,
transportation, and the role of utilities in energy efficiency.
This report focuses on energy use in buildings, which account for over one-third of all
energy used in the United States. Significant energy savings in buildings are possible through
the use of commercially available, cost-effective, energy efficient technologies; yet adoption
rates for these technologies are often low. Interviews with industry, property managers,
homeowners, and others were used to explore why technology adoption rates are so low. Past
Federal efforts to encourage energy efficiency are reviewed, and policy options for
encouraging the adoption of energy efficient technologies are discussed.
OTA benefited greatly from the substantial assistance received from many organizations
and individuals in the course of this study. Members of the advisory panel provided helpful
guidance and advice, interviewees helped to ensure that all perspectives were accurately
portrayed, and reviewers of the draft report contributed greatly to its accuracy and
completeness. OTA and the project staff sincerely appreciate their time and effort.
& # AL-- ,
JOHN H. GIBBONS
- D i r e c t o r
Advisory Panel—Building Energy Efficiency
School of Industrial