Background on Bioenergy and Biofuels
What is bioenergy?
o Bioenergy is the general term for any form of renewable energy made from organic materials.
What are biofuels?
o Biofuels are just one form of bioenergy. Specifically they are transportation fuels (ethanol and
biodiesel) made from renewable resources like corn and soybeans.
How does Indiana benefit from bioenergy and biofuels?
¾ Economic Development
o The production of both bioenergy and biofuels spurs economic development in rural areas and
brings new ventures to these communities that otherwise would not ordinarily see investment.
Bioenergy and biofuels projects create jobs for our state’s workers and are an important market
for Hoosier agricultural products, boosting agricultural profits.
¾ Energy Security
o Bioenergy and biofuels production provide an opportunity for immediately addressing our energy
security issues by using domestic crops to produce fuel and renewable waste to create energy.
o Biofuels production reduces our dependence on foreign sources of oil by using renewable energy
o Most biofuels are environmentally superior and contain very little sulfur and no toxic chemicals
and can replace or be a substitute for dirtier fuel sources.
o Using biofuels can reduce hydrocarbons emissions, particulate matter emissions and carbon
o Bioenergy production offers a solution to waste management, by converting waste into usable
energy. For example, livestock waste and wood waste are excellent sources of energy. By using
these renewable sources of energy, we can reduce the effects, such as odor, of waste on our
communities and environment.
How many biofuels plants are there in the state and how much do they contribute to Indiana’s
o In January 2005, Indiana had only one ethanol plant, even though it is the fifth largest corn state.
While many ethanol plants have been discussed in communities and the media, ISDA has
compiled a list of ethanol plants whi