Checklist and Sample Abstract
Abstracts accompany all articles in Society journals. They are often republished as printed in secondary abstracting ser-
vices and journals, such as Chemical Abstracts and BIOSIS or Biological Abstracts. The abstract, therefore, should meet two
requirements. An agronomist reading an abstract should be able to tell quickly the value of the report and whether or not to read
it thoroughly. It also should provide the literature searcher enough information to assess its value and to index it for later retrieval.
Use the checklist below to assure that your abstract meets these requirements.
The abstract should:
____ Strive for an impersonal, noncritical, and informative account.
____ Give a clear, grammatically accurate, exact, and stylistically uniform treatment of the subject.
____ Provide rationale or justification for the study. The statement should give a brief account of the purpose, need, and
significance of the investigation (hypothesis or how the present work differs from previous work).
____ State the objectives clearly as to what is to be obtained.
____ Give a brief account of the methods, emphasizing departures from the customary. Be specific.
____ Name the soil type by the new classification system if soil type is a factor in interpreting the results.
____ Clarify whether it is a greenhouse or field experiment.
____ Identify scientific name of plants, other organisms, and chemicals.
____ State results succinctly.
____ Outline conclusions or recommendations, if any. An emphasis of the significance of the work, conclusions, and rec-
ommendations. This may include new theories, interpretations, evaluations, or applications.
____ Use specific figures whenever possible to avoid use of general terms, especially in presenting the method and re-
porting the results. For example, if two rates of a treatment are used, state what they are.
____ Never cite references.
____ Contain about 200 to 250 words for articles or 100 to 150 words for Notes.
With permission of the author, a publishe