Current Research in Psychology 6 (1): 61-66, 2010
© 2010 Science Publications
Corresponding Author: Ma’rof Redzuan, Department of Human Development and Family Studies, University Putra Malaysia,
Serdang43400, Malaysia Tel; +123484810
The Relationship between Gender, Age, Depression and Academic Achievement
1Fayegh Yousefi, 2Mariani Bte Mansor, 2Rumaya Bte Juhari, 2Ma ُrof Redzuan and 2Mansor Abu Talib
1Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Kurdistan University of Medical Science, Sanandaj, Iran
2Department of Human Development and Family Studies, University Putra Malaysia,
Abstract: Problem statement: Depression is said to have a relationship with academic achievement.
Thus, the purpose of the study was to investigate the relationship between age, depression and
academic achievement among adolescents. Approach: The study was carried out among 400 students
(200 boys and 200 girls) in the age range 15-19 years. The instrument used for data collection was the
Beck Depression Inventory (21 item BDI). The analysis of data used correlation coefficient and t-test.
Results: The results showed that 27.5% of the boys and 31.5% of the girls were depressed and that
depression and academic achievement were significantly correlated, r = -0.22, p≤0.000. Also, based on
results of the present study, age and academic achievement were significantly correlated (r = 0.23,
p≤0.000). In addition there was significant difference of academic achievement between male and
female, (t (1) = -5.47, p = 0.000). Conclusions/Recommendations: It is recommended that along with
academic achievement, mental health be developed in school settings using support strategies such as
educational guidance and counseling, teaching life skill programs and psychotherapy.
Key words: Depression, academic achievement, age and gender
The next two decades may witness world-wide
changes in the epidemiological pattern of diseases.