T + K (2002) 69 (3): 136
Anabolic steroids – a problem in popular sports
Institute of Pharmacology, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt University, D-17487 Greifswald, F.-Loeffler Str. 23 d
e-mail : email@example.com
The sportsmen self-administering androgenic-anabolic agents to improve their performance and their body shape
continue to be a problem. After the opening of the East European borders a large number of compounds are
offered on the black market and in fitness centres. As a consequence students and children practicing no sport
use these agents. Most athletes have only a crude pharmacological knowledge regarding these drugs. Their
information are derived from their own experience or experiences of other sportsmen. Therefore warnings con-
cerning the efficacy and potential dangers of steroid misuse are neglected. Studies suggest that anabolic steroids
are now the third most commonly offered drugs behind cannabis and amphetamines. The anabolic black market
is a lucrative commercial business and its volume amounts to 70 Mill. €/year approximately.
This paper will focus the attention on the common anabolic steroid misconceptions and review the adverse ef-
fects and the problems connected with the use of the illicit drugs.
The use of performance enhancing drugs is not limited to elite athletes. Sociocultural stan-
dards of beauty for males emphasize strength and muscularity. The broad-shouldered, narrow-
hipped male body is idealized in Western media. Weight machines and performance enhanc-
ing supplements are widely advertised in health and fitness centers .
The number of sportsmen in semi-professional as well as in popular sports self-administering
ergogenic pharmacological agents continues to be a problem. Most athletes use anabolic-an-
drogenic steroids (AAS) to obtain a well-trained, athletic, and healthy looking body . Fre-
quently the AAS using athletes of today have a sophisticated knowledge of steroid pharma-
cology based on their own experiences or anecdotal infor