Highlights from this issue include: Improved paint for bridges, Computer Based Management Systems, Pacemakers, Food Protection and Preservation, Automobile Safty, Improved Firefighting Equipment, Detection of Forest Fires and Floods, Solar Power, Prenatal Birth Defect Diagnosis, Drying Thermoplastics, Ultrasonic Inspection, Heart Sonar Images, Breast Cancer Detection, Hang Gliders, Quartz-Crystal Watches and Clocks, and Memory Foam.
As a result of a 1958 congressional mandate, NASA, in 1962, created the Technology Utilization Program. It was supported by Technology Utilization Offices at each of the field centers and four Industrial Applications Centers (IACs). The number of IACs grew rapidly to seven by the early 1970s and ten in the early 1980s.
Early studies of Tech Briefs, the publication dedicated to informing the scientific community about available NASA technologies, and ongoing requests received for supporting information, indicated a strong need in the private sector for new technology to aid in the development of commercial products and services.
When spinoff products began to emerge from space technologies, NASA considered the possibility of an annual report to present at congressional budget hearings. The result was a black and white ÃƒÂ¢Technology Utilization Program Report,ÃƒÂ¢ published in 1973, followed by another one in 1974. The technologies in these reports created interest in the technology transfer concept, its successes, and its use as a public awareness tool. The reports generated such keen interest by the public that NASA decided to make them into an attractive publication. Thus, the first four-color edition of Spinoff was published in 1976.
Each year since, a new issue has highlighted the transfer of NASA technology to the private sector. The Agency distributes copies to politicians, economic decision makers, company CEOs, academics, professionals in technology transfer, the news media, and the general public.
NASAÃƒÂ¢s Spinoff publication accomplishes several goals. First, it is a convincing justification for the continued expenditure of NASA funds. It serves as a tool to educate the media and the general public by informing them about the benefits and dispelling the myth of wasted taxpayer dollars. It reinforces interest in space exploration. It demonstrates the possibility to apply aerospace technology in different environments. It highlights the ingenuity of American inventors, entrepreneurs, and application engineers, and the willingness of a government agency to assist them. And finally, it continues to ensure global competitiveness and technological leadership by the United States.
The total number of stories published since 1976 is nearly 1,800, which does not include approximately 100 stories featured in the 1973 and 1974 reports.
National Aeronautics and
A B I C E N T E N N I A L R E P O R T
National Aeronautics &
Technology Utilization Office
by Neil P. Ruzic, National Space Institute
Acknowledgments: Todd Anuskiewicz, Informatics
Information Systems Co., for coordinating the prep-
aration of this report; F. Douglas Johnson, Denver
Research Institute, for supplying much of the infor-
mation; and Rob Shultz, Plumridge Advertising.
R e p r i n t e d A p r i 1 1976
This report is divided into three sections: 1. The Research Payoff, 2. Technology
Twice Used, and 3. Technology Utilization at Work. The first describes a wide
variety of current space spinoffs of use to you in your business or personal life, as
well as the space explorations from which they have been derived. The second
provides information on specific examples of technology transfer that are typical of
the spinoffs resulting from NASA's Technology Utilization Program. The third briefly
describes the different activities of the Technology Utilization Office, all of which
have as their purpose the profitable utilization of aerospace technology. Please
address inquiries to the director, Technology Utilization Office, NASA Scientific &
Technical Information Facility, P.O. 8756, Baltimore/Washington Airport, Md. 21240.
As we celebrate our bicentennial year, we reflect upon the dramatic changes our
nation has undergone during these two centuries. From a nation dependent upon
Europe for its machinery and technology, we have grown to a position of preemi-
nence that i s the envy of the world. Our space program has been a demonstration of
Looking ahead, it i s apparent that we cannot rest if we are to maintain our
leadership. Other countries are rising rapidly to challenge our lead. Meeting this
challenge requires all available resources-and technology i s one of our primary
NASA's technology utilization program has been devel