Good Manufacturing Practices.
There are 4 main aspects to this.
Must be clean and dust free
Must be air conditioned (22 degrees C)
Must have good lighting
Must have intense lighting for critical assemblies
(A good option would be to have a super clean area. There are fairly
inexpensive Hepa filtered products available to allow sectioned off areas of
Assembly Pick Lists. These are lists of parts and special tools/jigs/fixtures
needed to build a batch of assemblies for specific products. If the assembly
doesn't call for it, then the part will not be picked and therefore cannot be
Protocols - Heavily pictorial and translated if required.
Have specific workstations tailored to specific tasks...for example, handling
PCB's on a grounding mat.
QC and Pre-Ship Testing - Have a "Tested By" system where the final testers
name is recorded on a small form which is record in house and sent with the
product. Individuals signing off brings a high level of focus.
Good cleanable benches, work stations and work surfaces.
Use Torque Drivers for speed and consistency
Short Form Assembly Specification - Electro-mechanical Product
Assembly. David Yeudall, Zisys Limited. 16th August 2010
Use "own" toolboxes. Each assembler has his/her own toolbox kitted out with
basic tools. All special tools come out with the pick list.
Train all personnel formally on each assembly for each product and register
this training in a log book.
I think that it is critical not to have complex and rigid systems. I think that
there should be a level of informality in these systems but there needs to be a
high level of control to ensure consistency.
There are some companies which have very rigid systems which ensure
consistency but not necessarily good quality...
People need to enjoy what they do and I feel it is important to convey a level
of enthusiasm and stress the importance