Demographics of Pakistan
This article is about the demographic fea-
tures of the population of Pakistan, including
population density, ethnicity, education level,
health of the populace, economic status, reli-
gious affiliations and other aspects of the
Demographics of Pakistan, Data of FAO, year
2005; Number of inhabitants in thousands.
1950-2008, Pakistan’s urban population ex-
panded over sevenfold, while the total popu-
lation increased by over fourfold. By the end
of this decade the population is expected to
be nearly 180 million. In the past, the
country’s population had a relatively high
growth rate that has, however, been moder-
ated by declining fertility and birth rates.
Dramatic social changes have led to rapid
urbanization and the emergence of megacit-
ies. During 1990-2003, Pakistan sustained its
historical lead as the most urbanized nation
in South Asia, with city dwellers making up
34% of its population.
Pakistan has a multicultural and multi-eth-
nic society and hosts one of the largest
refugee populations in the world as well as a
Pakistan’s next national census will take
place in 2008.
The majority of southern Pakistan’s popula-
tion lives along the Indus River. Population-
wise, Karachi is the biggest city of Pakistan.
In the northern half, most of the population
lives about an arc formed by the cities of
Faisalabad, Lahore, Rawalpindi, Islamabad,
Mardan and Peshawar.
Population and growth
Census Population Urban
• Population: 172,800,000 (July 2008 best
• Growth rate: 2.2% (2008 estimation)
• Birth rate: 31 births/1,000 population
• Death rate: 8 deaths/1,000 population
• Net migration rate: -1.0 migrant(s)/1,000