A Knowledgefaber Study
This study talks about different kinds of alternative
propulsion systems for vehicles and their market penetration
in different economies mainly BRIC (Brazil, India, China, and
Russia) and some comparisons with US. It also lays out the
challenges faced by these systems and how the world is
reacting to them.
Alternative Propulsion System
According to a key global study 83% of the world’s population is ready to change their consumption
habits to make the world a better place to live in! Nations are trying to come up with new ways for
conserving the nature. One such inception is the alternative propulsion system which is an effort to fight
the global warming.
APS or alternative propulsion system refers to the various techniques being used in the automotive
industry to control the carbon emissions. Other benefits include conservation of natural resources,
cheaper transportation, better efficiency etc. The major developments have been seen primarily in four
sectors: - solar power, bio-fuel, hybrid and fuel cells.
According to the ministry of environment and forest of India, 15-20% of the nation’s greenhouse gas
(GHG) emissions is contributed by the automobile sector and it is projected to rise upto 25% by 2030 if it
goes unchecked. It would not be very different in other BRIC countries as well and that’s where it
becomes important to study this subject.
DIFFERENT TYPES OF ALTERNATIVE PROPULSION SYSTEM:
A fuel cell is an electrochemical cell producing energy from a fuel tank. They have a high efficiency ratio
and are used in some countries for transportation purposes for their benefits like being cleaner, more
efficient, etc. Fuel-cell technology is looked as promising solution for reducing the carbon dioxide
emissions as it generates electricity by combining a fuel - usually hydrogen with oxygen, and the by
product is water. Research in this field is on an all time high an