Background: Cloud Computing represents a sea change in how organizations and the public
utilize and think about computing resources. For all the confusion surrounding the definition of
“cloud computing,” on a fundamental level it represents a paradigm shift where users can
remotely access high-powered computing resources (both infrastructure and software/services)
contained in off-site data centers from modest end-user systems via a broadband connection.
This added level of specialization cuts costs for users who need not build large on-site IT
systems. By commoditizing IT infrastructure and software, providers of cloud servers rely on
economies of scale to build massive IT resources that can be portioned to clients on an as-needed
basis much like electricity or water. This shift allows a much more efficient use of computer
resources and information technology, and allows individuals and small companies access to vast
amounts of computing resources they would not have had the means to access in the past.
However, the complexity, ubiquity and power of the “cloud” will put pressure on our existing
Innovative Trends Enabled by Cloud Computing:
Work product can “follow the sun”: By storing resources remotely, companies can enable
greater productivity and efficiency by allowing users around the world to collaborate on projects.
For multinational companies, when a project team in the United States goes home for the day
workers in Europe and Asia can seamlessly pick up where the other team left off.
Cloud Computing represents a computing paradigm shift in which users store, access,
and utilize data remotely using the Internet. The “cloud” is a network of data centers
providing commoditized computing power—software, hardware, and services—to end
users in a fashion similar to electricity or water.
The future of cloud computing will hinge on the outcome of several current policy
debates. The successful formulation of a broadband