OFFICIAL TRANSLATION OF THE BLACK BELT DIPLOMA IN JUJUTSU
(Translation by Akira Miyazaki, Secretary of the Imperial Japanese Embassy, Washington, D.C., of the
Black Belt Diploma presented to Marion W Anderson by Judo Master Seishiro Okazaki in Honolulu, TH.
on May 5, 1939.)
CERTIFICATE OF THE DANZAN SCHOOL OF JUDO
History (Origin and Development) of Jujutsu:
It has been said that the origin of Japanese wrestling dates back 1,960 years ago when a certain Nomino
Sukune grappled with and killed Taimano Kehaya in the seventh month of the seventh year of the
eleventh Emperor Suinin. In view of the recorded statement; “The two men stood up face to face and
kicked each other; Sukune kicked Kehaya in the ribs and stomped on and crushed his waist and killed
him.” This incident may be regarded as the origin of Jujutsu.
Then during the first year of Temmon in the reign of Emperor Gonara at the end of the period of Civil
War (400 years ago), the Takenouchi School of Jujutsu was systematized. Again during the Keicho Era
(340 years ago) a Chinese came to Japan and taught an Art of boxing; about forty years later another
Chinese visited Japan and introduced an Art of seizing one’s opponent. In the course of time some of the
forms and techniques were eliminated, while others were harmonized with the Art of the old Jujutsu.
Through the process of elimination and harmonization, a new Art known as Yawara was created and was
extensively popularized. This is the origin of the present day Judo. During the Edo period various schools
of Judo were brought into existence, of which the following were the leading ones:
Tokeuchi, Teihozan, Araki, Muso, Miura, Fukuno, Isogai, Seigo, Kajiwara, Sekiguchi, Shibukawa, Kito,
Yoshin, Kyushin, Kanshin, Yoshioka, Iga, Sosuishitsu, Iwaga and Nambashoshin.
Instructions Regarding the Practice of Judo:
The fundamental principle acquired through the practice of Jujutsu was elevated to a finer moral
conception called Judo - the Way of Gentleness.