The Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S. Department of Labor is the principal Federal agency responsible for measuring labor market activity, working conditions, and price changes in the economy.
Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until
8:30 a.m. (ET) May 11, 2022
Technical information: (202) 691-7000 • email@example.com • www.bls.gov/cpi
Media Contact: (202) 691-5902 • PressOffice@bls.gov
CONSUMER PRICE INDEX – APRIL 2022
The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 0.3 percent in April on a
seasonally adjusted basis after rising 1.2 percent in March, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported
today. Over the last 12 months, the all items index increased 8.3 percent before seasonal adjustment.
Increases in the indexes for shelter, food, airline fares, and new vehicles were the largest contributors to
the seasonally adjusted all items increase. The food index rose 0.9 percent over the month as the food at
home index rose 1.0 percent. The energy index declined in April after rising in recent months. The index
for gasoline fell 6.1 percent over the month, offsetting increases in the indexes for natural gas and
The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.6 percent in April following a 0.3-percent advance in
March. Along with indexes for shelter, airline fares, and new vehicles, the indexes for medical care,
recreation, and household furnishings and operations all increased in April. The indexes for apparel,
communication, and used cars and trucks all declined over the month.
The all items index increased 8.3 percent for the 12 months ending April, a smaller increase than the
8.5-percent figure for the period ending in March. The all items less food and energy index rose 6.2
percent over the last 12 months. The energy index rose 30.3 percent over the last year, and the food
index increased 9.4 percent, the largest 12-month increase since the period ending April 1981.
Chart 1. One-month percent change in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), seasonally adjusted, Apr. 2021 - Apr. 2022