Developmental Reading Assessment (DRA)
Guidelines for Administration
The District requires that the DRA be administered to the appropriate students
during the fall, winter, and spring assessment windows as indicated by the Office
of Instruction and Information Services.
K-2: In these grades all students are assessed with the DRA, with the exception
of kindergarten, where administration begins in the winter assessment window or
earlier if the K student has been determined a reader by the classroom teacher.
Grades 3-8: In these grades all students who score in the 4th stanine or below in
comprehension on the Gates MacGinitie assessment are to be assessed. More
students may be included if they are considered “reading needy” on other
measures or if the classroom teacher/special educator feels the student needs to
be monitored more closely.
Protocols that need to be followed in the administration of the DRA:
1. Students should read:
a. FALL and SPRING: Fiction or nonfiction texts
b. WINTER: Nonfiction text when possible (levels 20-38 have fewer
nonfiction pieces to use)
2. Record in Vermont Comprehensive Assessment Tool (VCAT) the
student’s highest independent level of reading. This level is
determined by having a student read slightly beyond this independent
level to find the student’s actual level for instruction. A student could read
several levels independently without this check in place. The instructional
level results will yield richer information on the DRA for the classroom
teacher. The instructional level reading will show clearly where the
student needs guidance and support. VCAT requests data for level,
accuracy, comprehension, fluency, and text type.
Specific grade level protocols to be used when administering the DRA:
1. K-1 should follow the directions of the K-3 DRA kit.
2. Grade 2 should follow the guidelines given by the Vermont Department of
Education for the administration of the State DRA Assessment. Once
satisfying the State requirement, Grade 2 te