Ms. Gaccione – US History [Page 1]
Chapter 9 Terms/Review
1) DeWitt Clinton + Erie Canal – DeWitt Clinton was New York’s governor. The canal went for 363 miles from
Albany, New York, to Lake Erie. He celebrated the completion of the Erie Canal by pouring a keg of water into
2) Specialization – When a farmer grows only a certain type of crop or two crops that they then sell on the
3) Market Revolution – The revolution that began the cycle of selling and buying as opposed to producing every
good you need.
4) Capitalism – An economic system in which private businesses and people ran the economy.
5) Entrepreneurs – People who invest money in new industries.
6) Charles GoodYear – Inventor of elastic and vulcanization. He was an entrepreneur, but died while being in giant
7) Elias Howe – Inventor of the Sewing machine 
I.M. Singer – Improved the sewing machine by adding the foot treadle.
9) Samuel Morse and the Telegraph – Samuel Morse invented the telegraph, the first means of instant electronic
communication. This was developed into the internet as we know it over the years.
10) Robert Fulton and “The Clermont” – Fulton invented the steamboat, a valuable addition to the
11) Growth of Canals – Allowed new routes for trade/transportation.
12) Growth of Railroads – Safe, reliable, available, and fast. Operates in winter.
13) National Road – From Maryland to Illinois, opened up the routes for Western travel.
14) John Deere – invented the Steel Plow, which enabled farmers to use horses instead of ox.
15) Cyrus McCormick – invented the mechanical reaper, which made one farmer as efficient as five.
1) John O’Sullivan – coined the phrase “manifest destiny”. He praised the annexation of Texas.
2) Manifest Destiny – the United States is bound to push outwards from every side and claim all the land to
become a superpower.
3) Reason for moving West – abundance of new land (for agriculture).
4) Black Hawk and the B