Bridges are essential for the efficient movement of trains and locomotives, as well as for crossing water courses such as streams across embankments as roads are not allowed to obstruct the natural flow of water. Culverts provide balance to the water flow on both sides of the road, as well as protecting and balancing the embankment in order to reduce flooding. Different types of bridges exist, such as arch, slab, and box. Masonry brick, stone, etc. or reinforced cement concrete can be used to build them. The bridges pass through the embankment and are therefore subject to the same traffic loads that the road carries, so they must be designed accordingly. Depending on where the bridge is located, the cushion will vary. Structures must be designed to take into account the loads empty, full, surcharge, etc. along with factors such as live loads, width, force of braking, load dispersion within the fill, impact factor, and earth pressure. Referrals are required for relevant IRCs. It is necessary to design structural elements that can withstand maximum bending moment and shear force. The culvert crosses over the earthen embankment, so it is subject to the same traffic load as the roads as a result, it has to be designed for such loads acting on the culvert surface. Shweta Singh Baghel | Kapil Mandaloi "Comparative Analysis of Box Culvert with Cushion and Without Cushion Usign Staad-Pro" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-5 | Issue-6 , October 2021, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd47678.pdf Paper URL : https://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/civil-engineering/47678/comparative-analysis-of-box-culvert-with-cushion-and-without-cushion-usign-staadpro/shweta-singh-baghel
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