2007 map with metro areas
Contiguous United States, as well as
Vancouver, Toronto, and Montreal
4 ft 8½ in (1,435 mm) (standard gauge)
Headquarters Washington, D.C.
An electric Amtrak train with two AEM-7 locomotives running
through New Jersey on the Northeast Corridor.
The National Railroad Passenger Corporation, doing
business as Amtrak (reporting mark AMTK),
government-owned corporation that was organized on
May 1, 1971 to provide intercity passenger train service
in the United States. "Amtrak" is a portmanteau of the
words "American" and "track".
Vermonter in phase IV livery at the Brattleboro, Vermont, sta-
tion, March 18, 2004.
The Carolinian stopping in Raleigh, North Carolina in new
All of Amtrak’s preferred stock is owned by the U.S.
federal government. The members of its board of direct-
ors are appointed by the President of the United States
and are subject to confirmation by the United States
Senate. Common stock was issued in 1971 to railroads
that contributed capital and equipment; these shares
convey almost no benefits but their current holders
declined a 2002 buy-out offer by Amtrak.
Amtrak employs nearly 19,000 people. It operates
passenger service on 21,000 miles (34,000 km) of track
primarily owned by freight railroads connecting 500
destinations in 46 states. Some routes also serve
Canada. In fiscal year 2008, Amtrak served 28.7 million
passengers, representing six straight years of record
ridership. Despite this recent growth, the United
States still has one of the lowest inter-city rail usages in
the developed world.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Amtrak’s origins are traceable to the sustained decline
of private passenger rail services in the United States
from about 1920 to 1970. In 1971, in response to the de-
cline, Congress and President Nixon created Amtrak.
The Nixon administration secretly agreed with some