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— India’s conference
— Discussion paper
Growth at Asia ports
CONTAINER THROUGHPUT at the Port of Hong
Kong soared to an all-time high with a forecast
18.6 million TEUs (twenty-foot equivalent units) for
2002, an increase of 4.6 % over 2001. The
throughput volume is expected to make Hong
Kong the world's busiest container port in 2002,
the tenth time over the last 11 years since 1992.
In Malaysia, the port of Tanjung Pelepas (PTP),
South-east Asia's fastest growing transshipment
hub, achieved a throughput of 2.66 million TEUs
for year 2002, surpassing its own expectations of
2.5 million TEUs. Approximately 95% of the year
2002 volumes were transshipment containers and
the balance were local exports and imports.
In China, the Quingdao Port Authority in the
Shandong province reported 120 million tons of
freight, up 17.3 % against the corresponding year.
Three years ahead of schedule
The report added that imports and exports
amounted to 80 million tons of freight, positioning
it as the second biggest foreign trade port on the
Chinese mainland. The port, which had an initial
freight target of 120 million tons of goods annually
by the end of 2005, had realised its goal three years
ahead of schedule.
In North China the largest port, Tianjin, announced
plans to increase its annual handling volume to 160
million tons of cargo and five million TEUs by 2007.
By 2010, its cargo capacity is expected to top 200
To reach these goals, the port administration plans
to expand the port's deep-water navigation routes
and build more deep-water berths for containers
and bulk cargo as well as other port facilities.
Major projects include a navigation route —
scheduled to be completed in 2005 — that allows
the passage of 150,000-ton ships, a 10km-long sea
bank now under