The Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S. Department of Labor is the principal Federal agency responsible for measuring labor market activity, working conditions, and price changes in the economy.
For Release: Wednesday, February 19, 2020
MIDWEST INFORMATION OFFICE: Chicago, Ill.
(312) 353-1880 BLSInfoChicago@bls.gov www.bls.gov/regions/midwest
Union Members in Minnesota — 2019
In 2019, union members accounted for 13.7 percent of wage and salary workers in Minnesota, compared with
15.0 percent in 2018, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional
Operations Charlene Peiffer noted that the union membership rate for the state was at its peak in 1992 when it
averaged 22.0 percent, and at its low point in 2019. (See chart 1 and table A.) Nationwide, union members
accounted for 10.3 percent of employed wage and salary workers in 2019, down by 0.2 percentage point from
2018. Since 1989, when comparable state data became available, union membership rates in Minnesota have
been above the U.S. average.
Minnesota had 364,000 union members in 2019. In addition to these members, another 17,000 wage and
salary workers in Minnesota were represented by a union on their main job or covered by an employee
association or contract while not union members themselves. (See table A.) Nationwide, 14.6 million wage
and salary workers were union members in 2019, and 1.8 million wage and salary workers were not affiliated
with a union but had jobs covered by a union contract.
(1) Data refer to members of a labor union or an employee association similar to a union.
(2) Data refer to both union members and workers who report no union affiliation but whose jobs are covered by a union or an employee association
Note: Data refer to the sole or principal job of full- and part-time wage and salary workers. All self-employed workers are excluded, both those with
incorporated businesses as well as those with unincorporated businesses. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of
In 2019, 28 states and the District of Columbia had union membership rates bel