May 5, 2009
Write the principles to be considered in developing learning opportunities.
When you are “Developing Learning Opportunities”, it means you are creating or about to develop a
curriculum which will provide learning opportunities to your students. After browsing over the Internet I came across
this article entitled “Overview of the Curriculum Development Process” and pointed 6 essential considerations for
curriculum development: the issue/problem/need is identified (issue answers “what?”); the characteristics and needs
of learners (target audience means it will answer “who?”); the changes intended for learners (like the teacher’s
intended outcomes/objectives which will answer “what the learners will be able to do?”); the important and relevant
content (which will also answer “what contents?”); the methods to accomplish the intended outcomes (will answer
“how will you teach?”); and the evaluation strategies for method, content, and intended outcomes (will answer “what
works?”). I will try to explain the principles or the “essential considerations” for developing learning opportunities one
by one for better understanding.
First, the issue/problem/need is identified (issue answers “what?”), curriculum development is a problem
solving process and it involves the consideration of the needs and problems for the improvement of the programs and
the implementation of solutions and alternatives for learners and their contexts. Curriculum is a reflection and a
product of the society and can contribute to the change in the society. It is necessary to reflect on the issues to reach
decisions in a dynamic and responsive curriculum development process. The purpose of a teacher is to identify the
major curricular issues in like what we have here in the Philippines, and to relate them to the learning context in an
integrative and collaborative manner.
Second, the characteristics and needs of learners (target audience means it will answer “who?”), for this a
teacher should look at