STRI News - February 10th 2017

Nov 12, 2018 | Publisher: Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute | Category: Science |  | Collection: 2017 Newsletter

STRI NEWS FEBRUARY 10, 2017 BI-WEEKLY NEWSLETTER / BOLETN BI-SEMANAL SMITHSONIAN NATIONAL BOARD IN PANAMA VISITA DEL SMITHSONIAN NATIONAL BOARD From January 22-26, STRI welcomed Dr. David J. Skorton, Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C., and members of the Smithsonian National Board. Hosted by Matthew Larsen, STRI Director, a host of STRI staff and students, the STRI Advisory Board, the Fundacin Smithsonian and Advancement staff from Washington and Panama, the group visited STRI facilities and other sites to appreciate the breadth of STRI- sponsored research in the country. From the American Trade Hotel in historic Casco Viejo, their first stop was STRI headquarters, the Earl S. Tupper Research and Conference Center. Dr. Skorton and Bob McDonald, chairman of the Board, welcomed the group and Dr. Larsen and Bill Wcislo, Deputy Director, presented an overview of research at STRI. Del 22 al 26 de enero, STRI dio la bienvenida al Dr. David J. Skorton, Secretario de la Institucin Smithsonian en Washington, D.C., y a los miembros del Smithsonian National Board. Junto a su anfitrin, Matthew Larsen, Director de STRI, un grupo de personal y estudiantes de STRI, la Junta Asesora de STRI, la Fundacin Smithsonian y el personal de las oficinas de fomento de Washington y Panam, visitaron las instalaciones de STRI y otros sitios para apreciar la amplitud de la investigacin patrocinada por STRI en el pas. Desde el American Trade Hotel en el histrico Casco Viejo, su primera parada fue la sede de STRI, el Centro de Conferencias y Conferencias Earl S. Tupper. El Dr. Skorton y Bob McDonald, presidente del Smithsonian National Board, dieron la bienvenida al grupo y el Dr. Larsen junto con Bill Wcislo, Director Adjunto, presentaron una visin general de la investigacin en STRI. FEBRUARY 10, 2017 / p. 2 Deputy Director, Bill Wcislo, explains that the amazing biodiversity of insects in Panama makes this an ideal place to do comparative neurobiology studies of bees, ants and other insect species. The group also received research briefings from staff scientist Aaron O'Dea, associate scientist Kristin Saltonstall and post-doctoral fellow, Julia Schuckel. | El Director Adjunto, Bill Wcislo, explica que la increble biodiversidad de insectos en Panam hace de este un lugar ideal para hacer estudios comparativos de neurobiologa de las abejas, hormigas y otras especies de insectos. El grupo tambin recibi informes de investigacin del cientfico Aaron O'Dea, la cientfica asociada Kristin Saltonstall y la becaria de post-doctorado, Julia Schuckel. Photo by | Foto por: Sean Mattson / Smithsonian Smithsonian Secretary David Skorton and the Smithsonian National Board In Panama El secretario del Smithsonian, David Skorton, y el Smithsonian National Board en Panam Front Cover | Portada: Early risers soar above Panama City's Metropolitan Nature Park, where staff scientist Klaus Winter touts the virtues of our two canopy access cranes in studies of tropical tree physiology. | Los madrugadores se elevan por encima del Parque Natural Metropolitano en la Ciudad de Panam, donde el cientfico Klaus Winter convers sobre las virtudes de nuestras dos gras de acceso al dosel en los estudios de fisiologa de rboles tropicales. Photo by | Foto por: Sean Mattson / Smithsonian FEBRUARY 10, 2017 / p. 3 Left | Izquierda: Annette Aiello (red tunic) shows Board members STRI's insect collection. | Annette Aiello (tnica roja) muestra la coleccin de insectos de STRI. Right | Derecha: Callum Kingwell, graduate student from Cornell University, explains how he analyzes chemicals important for communication and behavior of tropical bees. | Callum Kingwell, estudiante de post grado de la Universidad de Cornell, explica cmo analiza qumicos importantes para la comunicacin y el comportamiento de las abejas tropicales. Photos by | Fotos por: Sean Mattson / Smithsonian Later members of the Board, the Fundacin and special guest, Mirei Endara, Minister of the Environment (orange shawl), were invited to lunch at Panama's presidential palace. | Posteriormente se invit a los miembros del Smithsonian National Board, la Fundacin y la invitada especial, Mirei Endara, Ministra de Ambiente de Panam (chal naranja) a almorzar en el palacio presidencial. Photos by | Fotos por: Jorge Alemn / Smithsonian FEBRUARY 10, 2017 / p. 4 At the presidency: Frank Levinson, Steven Hoch, Gladys Gerbaud, Matt Larsen, Mirei Endara, Panama's President Juan Carlos Varela, Secretary David Skorton, Bob MacDonald, Alvaro Alemn, Pedro Heilbron. | En la presidencia: Frank Levinson, Steven Hoch, Gladys Gerbaud, Matt Larsen, Mirei Endara, el Presidente de Panam Juan Carlos Varela, el Secretario David Skorton, Bob MacDonald, Alvaro Alemn, Pedro Heilbron. Photos by | Fotos por: Jorge Alemn / Smithsonian Friends and spouses of the board members visited Smithsonian Affiliate museum, the Museo Interocianico del Canal, where they were hosted by Angeles Baquero, executive director and chief curator and treated to a presentation of typical dancing by women dressed in polleras. | Amigos y cnyuges de los miembros del Smithsonian National Board visitaron el museo afiliado al Smithsonian, el Museo Interocenico del Canal, donde su anfitrin, ngeles Baquero, directora ejecutiva y curadora en jefe les agasajaron con una presentacin de baile tpico de polleras. Photos by | Fotos por: Sean Mattson / Smithsonian Secretary Skorton and his wife, Robin Davisson pose in front of the BioMuseo, a Smithsonian Affiliate museum designed by architect Frank Gehry, where they toured exhibits with BioMuseo staff and ate dinner prepared by Cuquita Arias. | El secretario Skorton y su esposa, Robin Davisson posan frente al BioMuseo, un museo afiliado al Smithsonian y diseado por el arquitecto Frank Gehry, donde recorrieron exhibiciones con el personal de BioMuseo para luego asistir a una cena preparada por Cuquita Arias. Photos by | Fotos por: Jorge Alemn / Smithsonian FEBRUARY 10, 2017 / p. 5 U.S. Ambassador, John Feeley (blue shirt) spoke at the dinner about the importance of scientific cooperation between the U.S. and Panama. Shown here with: Karla Gonzalez, Deputy Chief of Mission of Panamanian Embassy in DC; Cuquita Arias, Secretary Skorton, Dr. Robin Davisson. | El Embajador de los Estados Unidos, John Feeley (camisa azul) habl en la cena sobre la importancia de la cooperacin cientfica entre los Estados Unidos y Panam. Se muestra aqu con: Karla Gonzalez, Encargada de Misin de la Embajada de Panam en DC; Cuquita Arias, Secretario Skorton, Dr. Robin Davisson. Photos by | Fotos por: Jorge Alemn On their second day at STRI, the group boarded the launch in Gamboa, arriving for this early-morning group shot at STRI's research station on Barro Colorado Island. | En su segundo da en STRI, el grupo abord la lancha en Gamboa, llegando temprano en la maana a la estacin de investigacin de STRI en Isla Barro Colorado. Photos by | Fotos por: Sean Mattson / Smithsonian Post-doctoral fellow Nicole Smith-Guzman shows Thomas Tupper and Carolina Esquivel examples of bones indicating the presence of diseases and/or cultural modification, such as cranial shaping, from sites in Panama. STRI archaeologists Richard Cooke, Dolores Piperno and Ashley Sharpe also explained their work to the guests. | La becaria de post-doctorado Nicole Smith-Guzmn muestra a Thomas Tupper y Carolina Esquivel, ejemplos de huesos que indican la presencia de enfermedades y/o modificaciones culturales, como la conformacin craneal, de sitios en Panam. Los arquelogos de STRI Richard Cooke, Dolores Piperno y Ashley Sharpe tambin explicaron su trabajo a los invitados. Photos by | Fotos por: Jorge Alemn / Smithsonian FEBRUARY 10, 2017 / p. 6 Above | Arriba: STRI's Academic Dean, Owen McMillan (left) and staff scientist Helene Muller-Landau (right) invite the group to take a break at the half-way point on one of the island's nature trails. Stuart Davies, Director of the Smithsonian's ForestGEO network of 65 long-term forest monitoring plots (not shown) also spoke to the group on BCI. | El decano acadmico de STRI, Owen McMillan (izq.) y la cientfica Helene Muller-Landau (der.) invitan al grupo a tomar un descanso en el punto medio de uno de los senderos naturales de la isla. Stuart Davies, director de la red ForestGEO del Smithsonian de 65 parcelas de monitoreo forestal a largo plazo (no mostrado) tambin convers con el grupo sobre la Isla. Photo by | Foto por: Sean Mattson / Smithsonian Left | Izquierda: Secretary Skorton and staff scientist Allen Herre on the ferry to Barro Colorado Island. | El secretario Skorton y el cientfico Allen Herre en la lancha camino a Isla Barro Colorado. Photo by | Foto por: Jorge Alemn / Smithsonian FEBRUARY 10, 2017 / p.7 Back on the mainland, in the shade of STRI's new lab in Gamboa, Oris Sanjur, Associate Director for Science and Administration and Academic Dean, Owen McMillan described the research program there and opportunities for fellows. | De vuelta a tierra firme, a la sombra del nuevo laboratorio de STRI en Gamboa, Oris Sanjur, Directora Asociada de Ciencia y Administracin junto al Decano Acadmico, Owen McMillan describi el programa de investigacin que se lleva a cabo adems de las oportunidades para los becarios. Photos by | Fotos por: Sean Mattson / Smithsonian Gladys Gerbaud, Fundacin Smithsonian chair (blue shirt) and her daughter plant a tree in Gamboa after staff scientist, Jefferson Hall, described research results from the Agua Salud reforestation project in the Panama Canal watershed. | Gladys Gerbaud, presidenta de la Fundacin Smithsonian (camisa azul) y su hija plantan un rbol en Gamboa despus de que el cientfico Jefferson Hall, describiera los resultados de la investigacin del proyecto de reforestacin de Agua Salud en la Cuenca del Canal de Panam. Photo by | Foto por:Jorge Alemn Virginia Clark, Assistant Secretary for Advancement, photographs postdoctoral fellow Krista Patriquin, University of Toronto, as she describes the advantages of fully equipped bat cages and labs in Gamboa. | Virginia Clark, Secretaria Adjunta para el Avance, fotografa a la becaria de post-doctorado Krista Patriquin, de la Universidad de Toronto, mientras describe las ventajas de contar con jaulas para murcilagos y laboratorios totalmente equipados en Gamboa. Photo by | Foto por: Sean Mattson / Smithsonian FEBRUARY 10, 2017 / p.8 On day three at STRI, the group joined staff scientist Carlos Jaramillo on the banks of the Panama Canal where his group takes advantage of the canal expansion earthworks, finding fossils that reveal how the Isthmus was formed in a process that began more than 20 million years ago and culminated in a landbridge connecting North and South America 3 million years ago. | En su tercer da en STRI, el grupo se uni al cientfico Carlos Jaramillo a orillas del Canal de Panam, donde su equipo aprovecha las excavaciones de expansin del canal, encontrando fsiles que revelan cmo se form el Istmo en un proceso que comenz hace ms de 20 millones de aos, culminando con la formacin de un puente terrestre que uni a Norte y Sudamrica hace 3 millones de aos. Photos by | Fotos por: Jorge Alemn / Smithsonian Board member, Myra Hart, waits at the Panama Canal visitors center for the next boat to enter the Miraflores Locks. | La miembro del Smithsonian National Board, Myra Hart, espera en el centro de visitantes del Canal de Panam por el prximo buque a entrar en las Esclusas de Miraflores. A hands-on fossil finding experience. | Una experiencia nica buscando fsiles en El Canal. FEBRUARY 10, 2017 / p. 9 Left above | Arriba izquierda: Nelly Florez, STRI advancement, Jacquie Mars, Oris Sanjur and Gladys Gerbaud at the Punta Culebra dinner. | Nelly Florez, de la oficina de fomento de STRI, Jacquie Mars, Oris Sanjur y Gladys Gerbaud en la cena en Punta Culebra. Right | Derecha: Board member, Michelle Hooper discovers a colorful frog in one of the terraria in the Panama's Fabulous Frogs exhibit at Punta Culebra Nature Center. | Michelle Hooper, miembro del Smithsonian National Board, descubre una colorida rana en uno de los terrarios de la exhibicin Fabulosas Ranas de Panam en el Centro Natural de Punta Culebra. Left | Izquierda: Jimena Pitty (right), Science Education Specialist and Manager of the Punta Culebra Nature Center shows renders of the future visitor center to Gladys Gerbaud (center), Fundacin Smithsonian Chair and Mirei Endara (left), Panama's Minister of the Environment | Jimena Pitty (der.), especialista en educacin cientfica y gerente del Centro Natural de Punta Culebra muestra bosquejos del futuro centro de visitantes a Gladys Gerbaud (centro), presidenta de la Fundacin Smithsonian y a Mirei Endara (izq.), Ministra de Ambiente de Panam. Bottom | Abajo: Crystal DiMiceli (left), Program Coordinator at STRI shows an insect collection to the Smithsonian National Board Members | Crystal DiMiceli (izq.), coordinadora de programas en STRI, muestra una coleccin de insectos a miembros del Smithsonian National Board Photos by | Fotos por: Sean Mattson / Smithsonian FEBRUARY 10, 2017 / p. 10 Egbert Leigh, staff scientist emeritus Oris Acevedo, scientific coordinator on Barro Colorado Island, organized a special lunch celebration for Bert on Jan. 12. December, 2016, marks the 50th anniversary of his first visit to the island. One of STRI's most synthetic thinkers, Bert majored in mathematics at Princeton and went on to study with G. Evelyn Hutchinson at Yale. As an assistant professor at Princeton (1966-1972), STRI sent him to compare altitudinal gradients in tropical forests in the Ivory Coast, Madagascar, West Malaysia and New Guinea and montane forests in India. On Barro Colorado Island, his home since 1969, he arrives punctually for dinner at 6:30 and often rises after dinner to invite a select group of visitors to his office where wide ranging conversations have led him to author The Ecology of a Tropical Forest, 1982, Spanish translation in 1990, Tropical Forest Ecology in 1999 and A Magic Web (Christian Ziegler's photos), in 2002, 2nd edition 2011, Spanish translation, 2016. His current interests include the evolution of cooperation, why there are so many kinds of tropical trees, and how the size of a land mass restricts evolution of adaptation, which has led him to Madagascar six times. Egbert Leigh, cientfico del personal emrito Oris Acevedo, coordinadora cientfica de Isla Barro Colorado, organiz una celebracin especial para Bert el 12 de enero. Diciembre del 2016, marc el 50 aniversario de su primera visita a la isla. Uno de los pensadores ms sintticos del Smithsonian, Bert se especializ en matemticas en Princeton y continu estudiando con G. Evelyn Hutchinson en Yale. Como profesor asistente en Princeton (1966-1972), STRI lo envi a comparar gradientes altitudinales en bosques tropicales en la Costa de Marfil, Madagascar, Malasia Occidental y Nueva Guinea y bosques montanos en la India. En Isla Barro Colorado, su hogar desde 1969, llega puntualmente a cenar a las 6:30 pm y a menudo, despus de la cena, invita a un selecto grupo de visitantes a su oficina donde las conversaciones le han llevado a escribir La Ecologa de un Bosque Tropical, 1982, traduccin al espaol en 1990, Tropical Forest Ecology en 1999 y A Magic Web (con fotos de Christian Ziegler), en 2002, segunda edicin 2011 y su traduccin al espaol Un Tejido Mgico, en el 2016. Sus intereses actuales incluyen la evolucin de la Honoring our elders Medio siglo de aportes a la ciencia Egbert Leigh on field | Egbert Leigh en campo. Photo by | Foto por: Sean Mattson, Smithsonian FEBRUARY 10, 2017 / p. 11 John Christy and Beate Christy move to Vancouver The folks at Naos Marine and Molecular Laboratory gathered to send off retiring evolutionary biologist, John Christy, an exceptional natural historian whose primary interest is the behavior and ecology of crabs and other animals in the intertidal zone. Behavior has immediate social and ecological consequences. Christy asks how behavioral choices affect survival and reproduction. "I believe that the adaptive function of a behavioral trait is best understood through combined study of its design, history, current context and the mechanisms that produce it." Christy continues to contribute to our knowledge of sexual selection and animal communication, especially courtship, deception, coercion and harassment. His primary interests include the evolution of mate preferences, reproductive timing and predator avoidance behaviors. Beate Christy made an exceptional contribution to STRI as Olga Linares personal assistant. When Olga died in 2014, Beate organized Olgas' professional papers and books for the Smithsonian Anthropology archives and the Smithsonian libraries as executor of her estate. Oris Sanjur, Associate Director for Science Administration, congratulates Dr. Leigh. | Oris Sanjur, Director Asociado de Administracin de Ciencias, felicita al Dr. Leigh. cooperacin, por qu hay tantos tipos de rboles tropicales, y cmo el tamao de una masa de tierra restringe la evolucin de la adaptacin, lo que lo ha llevado seis veces a Madagascar. John Christy on field | John Christy en campo. Photo by | Foto por: Sean Mattson, Smithsonian FEBRUARY 10, 2017 / p. 12 Staff at Naos Marine and Molecular Lab host farewell lunch for John. | Personal del Laboratorio Marino y Molecular de Naos organiz un almuerzo de despedida para John. John Christy y Beate Christy se trasladan a Vancouver El personal del Laboratorio Marino y Molecular de Naos se reuni para despedirse del bilogo evolucionista John Christy, un excepcional historiador natural cuyo principal inters es el comportamiento y la ecologa de los cangrejos y otros animales en la zona intermareal. El comportamiento tiene consecuencias sociales y ecolgicas inmediatas. Christy se pregunta cmo las opciones de comportamiento afectan la supervivencia y la reproduccin. "Creo que la funcin adaptativa de un rasgo conductual se entiende mejor a travs del estudio combinado de su diseo, historia, contexto actual y los mecanismos que lo producen". Christy contina contribuyendo a nuestro conocimiento de la seleccin sexual y la comunicacin animal, especialmente el cortejo, el engao, la coercin y el acoso. Sus intereses primarios incluyen la evolucin de las preferencias de pareja, la sincronizacin reproductiva y los comportamientos de evasin de los depredadores. Beate Christy brind una excepcional contribucin a STRI como asistente personal de Olga Linares. Cuando Olga falleci en el 2014, Beate, como ejecutora de su herencia, organiz los documentos profesionales y los libros de Olga para los archivos de antropologa del Smithsonian y las bibliotecas del Smithsonian. FEBRUARY 10, 2017 / p. 13 Ira Rubinoff and the Sea Level Canal When Lyndon B. Johnson announced that the U.S. would build a new sea-level canal in 1964, he set the bases for Project Plowshare, plans to build new public works using the U.S. nuclear arsenal, Peaceful Nuclear Explosives. In 1968, former STRI director, staff scientist Ira Rubinoff, published a paper in Science. "An opportunity for the greatest biological experiment in man's history may not be exploited," detailed the biological reasons why connecting the two oceans that had been separated by the Isthmus of Panama, could lead to dangerous marine invasions. Staff scientist Mark Torchin continues this work today as he and his lab install settlement plates in Panama and on both coasts of the U.S. to better understand the ecology of marine invasions and the potential of the new Panama Canal expansion to change the ecology of the oceans. The sea-level canal controversy is featured in a new article by Christine Keiner in the Journal of the History of Biology. See article here. Ira Rubinoff y el Canal a nivel del marOris Cuando El Presidente Lyndon B. Johnson anunci que los Estados Unidos construira un nuevo canal a nivel del mar en 1964, sent las bases para el proyecto Ploughshare, que planeaba construir nuevas obras pblicas utilizando el arsenal nuclear de los Estados Unidos, explosiones nucleares pacficas. En 1968, el ahora ex director de STRI, el cientfico Ira Rubinoff, public un artculo en Science. "La oportunidad para el mayor experimento biolgico en la historia del hombre no puede ser explotada", detall las razones biolgicas por las que conectar los dos ocanos que haban sido separados por el Istmo de Panam, podra conducir a peligrosas invasiones marinas. El cientfico Mark Torchin contina este trabajo hoy mientras l y su laboratorio instalan placas de asentamiento en Panam y en ambas costas de los Estados Unidos para entender mejor la ecologa de las invasiones marinas y el potencial de la nueva expansin del Canal de Panam para cambiar la ecologa de los ocanos. La controversia del Canal a nivel del mar aparece en un reciente artculo de Christine Keiner en el Journal of the History of Biology. Ver artculo aqu. FEBRUARY 10, 2017 / p. 14 Bill Eberhard A visit to recently retired STRI staff scientist Bill Eberhard's house may involve ducking under spider webs. Eberhard, also professor emeritus of biology at the University of Costa Rica, undoubtedly knows more about the sexual preferences and practices of spiders than anyone else alive, and is sought by the media (National Geographic, BBC news) to comment. Only within the last decade, have Eberhard and colleagues shown how much power females have to influence the outcome of matings. One wonders if anyone in the next generation will come close to his level of understanding gained through 40 years of natural history research on tropical arthropods and attention to the often cryptic mechanisms that females use to determine which sperm successfully fertilizes her eggs. Bill Eberhard Una visita a la casa de Bill Eberhard, cientfico de STRI recientemente jubilado, puede involucrar esquivar telaraas. Eberhard, tambin profesor emrito de biologa en la Universidad de Costa Rica, sin duda sabe ms que nadie sobre las preferencias sexuales y las prcticas de las araas y es buscado por medios de comunicacin (National Geographic, BBC news) para comentar al respecto. Slo en la ltima dcada, Eberhard y sus colegas han demostrado cunto poder las hembras tienen que influir en el resultado de los apareamientos. Uno se pregunta si alguien en la prxima generacin se acercar al nivel de comprensin que Bill ha adquirido a lo largo de 40 aos de investigacin sobre la historia natural de los artrpodos tropicales y la atencin a los mecanismos, a menudo crpticos que las hembras utilizan para determinar qu esperma fertiliza con xito sus huevos. Read articles | Leer artculos BBC and National Geographic FEBRUARY 10, 2017 / p. 15 Don Windsor Although he's likely to be eating lunch in the cafeteria or to be working in his lab on the second floor at the Tupper Center in Panama, the fact that STRI entomologist, Don Windsor is spending more time at Potrerillos de Guenda research station outside Santa Cruz, Bolivia and is working on a new house in Indiana are two of the signs that he officially retired last year. Don came to STRI as a postdoctoral fellow in 1974. His first job at STRI was as manager of the Physical Monitoring Program on Barro Colorado Island. In 1982 he co-authored The Ecology of a Tropical Forest, Seasonal Rhythms and Long-term Changes, with Egbert Leigh and A. Stanley Rand. Then in 1990 he produced the Smithsonian monograph, Climate and Moisture Variability in a Tropical Forest: Long-term Records from Barro Colorado Island, Panama. Long-term collaborations with Henry Stockwell, (taxonomy), John Pickering (long term population monitoring), Jaques Pasteels and also Fred Vencl (defense chemicals), Theirry Hance (parasites) and Jack Werren (Wohlbachia) led him to a deep understanding of the biology of Cassidine beetles, and to author more than 170 research papers. Don Windsor Aunque es probable que lo encontremos almorzando en la cafetera o trabajando en su laboratorio en el segundo piso del Centro Tupper en Panam, el hecho de que el entomlogo de STRI, Don Windsor est pasando ms tiempo en la estacin de investigacin de Potrerillos de Guenda, fuera de Santa Cruz, Bolivia y que est trabajando en una nueva casa en Indiana, son dos seales de que oficialmente se jubil el ao pasado. Don lleg a STRI como becario de post-doctorado en 1974. Su primer trabajo en STRI fue como gerente del Programa de Monitoreo Fsico en Isla Barro Colorado. En 1982 fue coautor de The Ecology of a Tropical Forest, Seasonal Rhythms and Long-term Changes, junto con Egbert Leigh y A. Stanley Rand. Luego en 1990 produjo la monografa Climate and Moisture Variability in a Tropical Forest: Long-term Records from Barro Colorado Island, Panama. Las colaboraciones a largo plazo con Henry Stockwell (taxonoma), John Pickering (monitoreo de poblaciones a largo plazo), Jaques Pasteels y tambin Fred Vencl (productos qumicos de defensa), Theirry Hance (parsitos) y Jack Werren (Wohlbachia) lo llevaron a un profundo entendimiento de la biologa de los escarabajos de Cassidine, y es autor de ms de 170 trabajos de investigacin. FEBRUARY 10, 2017 / p. 16 "I survived my first field day." Parker Matzinger, the 22 year-old 2016 graduate of Northland College, Wisconsin, posted on his Facebook the day after his arrival at STRI's research station on Barro Colorado Island in the Panama Canal. Parker received a STRI short-term fellowship to work with us as intern in the TEAM project, in which mammals are monitored with large-scale arrays of motion-sensitive camera traps. He came to us to learn the techniques, bringing sound recording devices from his advisor at Northland to help develop a protocol for acoustic monitoring of wildlife on BCI that would be suitable for the Smithsonian's global ForestGEO network. On his first day, Parker went out with the TEAM field crew to place camera traps in Soberania National Park, at points that have been surveyed annually since 2010. The terrain is rugged. Most points are miles from trails. Even though Parker was young and had plenty of tropical field experience on difficult terrain in Costa Rica and Peru, the long hike off-trail exhausted him, inspiring his post. Nevertheless, he woke up on the second day to join the field crew again. Things went wrong. Parker sat down to rest, collapsed and died a few minutes later. His companion was in despair when Barro Colorado game wardens arrived, responding to his call for help. Parker had a passion for camera trapping and bioacoustics, double-majoring in biology and natural resources with an emphasis in fisheries and wildlife ecology. He was extremely active. Last year, he received the Student Life Indelible Mark Award, recognizing "students that best exemplify the spirit and values of Northland College by leaving a positive lasting impression on the campus community." Parker was full of promise and full of plans. We had very much been looking forward to working with him. "Sobreviv mi primer da de campo". Parker Matzinger de 22 aos, estudiante de post grado de Northland College, Wisconsin, public en su muro de Facebook el da despus de su llegada a la estacin de investigacin de STRI en Isla Barro Colorado (BCI) en el Canal de Panam. Parker recibi una beca STRI de corta duracin para trabajar con nosotros como pasante en el proyecto TEAM, en el cual monitoreamos mamferos con arreglos a gran escala de cmaras fotogrficas sensibles al movimiento. Parker vino para aprender las tcnicas, trayendo dispositivos de grabacin de sonido de su asesor en Northland para ayudar a desarrollar un protocolo para la vigilancia acstica de la vida silvestre en BCI que sera adecuado para ForestGEO, la red global del Smithsonian. En su primer da, Parker sali con el equipo de TEAM para colocar cmaras trampa en el Parque Nacional Soberana, en puntos que han sido inspeccionados anualmente desde el 2010. El terreno es accidentado. La mayora de los puntos estn a kilmetros de los senderos. A pesar de que Parker era joven y tena mucha experiencia de campo tropical en terrenos difciles en Costa Rica y Per, la larga caminata fuera de los senderos lo agot, lo que fue inspiracin para su comentario en Facebook. Sin embargo, se despert el segundo da para nuevamente unirse al equipo de campo. Las cosas salieron mal. Parker se sent a descansar, se derrumb y muri unos minutos despus. Su compaero estaba desesperado cuando los guardabosques de Barro Colorado llegaron, respondiendo a su llamada de auxilio. Parker era un apasionado por la captura de imgenes con cmaras trampa y la bioacstica, tomando dos carreras universitarias simultneas en biologa y recursos naturales con nfasis en la ecologa de la pesca y la vida silvestre. Era muy activo. El ao pasado, recibi el Premio Student Life Indelible Mark, que reconoce "a los estudiantes que Parker James Matzinger 1994 2017 FEBRUARY 10, 2017 / p. 17 Parker's family asked that a memorial fund to create a natural resources scholarship/internship be established at Northland College in his memory. We thank everyone at STRI who were involved in the aftermath of this tragic event, especially TEAM crew members and the game wardens. Our thoughts are with Parker's family and friends. Patrick Jansen & Joe Wright, TEAM project advisors Words from the TEAM crew: 11 hours passed between your last breath and the moment we could take your body out of the forest. It felt like the longest day we had ever had, but that was the least we could do for you and your parents. You become part of our team immediately. Even though we just met and interacted for a few days, it's still hard to believe how one day we were laughing as we translated jokes from Spanish to English and vice versa, while we ate the only dinner we shared with you, and the next day your heart stopped beating. We know there's nothing we can do to change what happened. It was not fair. You did not deserve it. We hope wherever you are, you continue to be as likeable and happy as you were with us. Our sympathy is with your family. -Sincerely, the TEAM crew. mejor ejemplifican el espritu y los valores de Northland College dejando una impresin positiva y duradera en la comunidad del campus." Parker estaba lleno de promesas y lleno de planes. Tenamos muchas ganas de trabajar con l. La familia de Parker solicit que se establezca en Northland College un fondo conmemorativo para crear una beca/pasanta de recursos naturales en su memoria. Agradecemos a todos en STRI que estuvieron involucrados en las secuelas de este trgico evento, especialmente los miembros del equipo TEAM y los guardabosques. Nuestros pensamientos estn con la familia y los amigos de Parker. Patrick Jansen y Joe Wright, asesores del proyecto TEAM Palabras del equipo TEAM: 11 horas pasaron entre tu ltimo aliento y el momento en que pudimos sacar tu cuerpo del bosque. Se senta como el da ms largo que hemos tenido, pero eso era lo menos que podamos hacer por ti y tus padres. De inmediato te conviertes en parte de nuestro equipo. A pesar de que nos acabbamos de conocer y slo interactuamos durante unos das, todava es difcil creer cmo un da nos reamos mientras traducamos chistes del espaol al ingls y viceversa, mientras comamos la nica cena que compartimos contigo, y al da siguiente tu corazn dej de latir. Sabemos que no hay nada que podamos hacer para cambiar lo que pas. No era justo. No lo merecas. Esperamos que donde quiera que ests, sigas siendo tan agradable y feliz como lo eras junto con nosotros. Nuestra simpata est con tu familia. -Sinceramente, el equipo TEAM. FEBRUARY 10, 2017 / p. 18 CTPA's 20th anniversary On January 30th, the Smithsonian's Center for Tropical Paleoecology and Archaeology on Ancon hill in Panama City celebrated its 20th anniversary. Forum on Wetlands for Disaster Risk Reduction Recently STRI hosted the International Forum on Wetlands for Disaster Risk Reduction organized by Panama's National Wetlands Committee in celebration of World Wetlands Day with conferences about the importance of these ecosystems where Mirei Endara, Minister of Environment of Panama presented the opening remarks. Dcimo segundo aniversario del CTPA El lunes 30 de enero, en conmemoracin de los 20 aos de existencia del centro, se realiz un modesto brindis entre los colegas del Centro de Paleoecologa y Arqueologa Tropical. Foro internacional de Humedales Recientemente STRI fue anfitrin del Foro Internacional "Humedales para la reduccin del riesgo de desastres" organizado por el Comit Nacional de Humedales en Panam, en celebracin del Da Mundial de los Humedales con una jornada de charlas sobre la importancia de estos ecosistemas donde Mirei Endara, Ministra de Ambiente de Panam dio las palabras de bienvenida. Speech for CLub Rotario Panam Nordeste Carlos Prada, Earl S. Tupper Post-doctoral Fellow at STRI presented his study on how some corals survive Caribbean climate change to a big group of members of the Panama Northeast Rotary Club. Charla ante Club Rotario Panam Nordeste Carlos Prada, recipiente de la beca Tupper de post doctorado en STRI present ante un nutrido grupo del Club Rotario Panam Nordeste su estudio sobre cmo los corales en el Caribe sobrevivieron al cambio climtico. Fanny Douvere visits Isla Rancheria Fanny Douvere, Coordinator of the Marine Program of the UNESCO World Heritage Center in Paris, France, recently visited Rancheria Island where she was received by Juan Mat, STRI's Manager for Scientific Affairs and Operations. They talked about Coiba National Park (PN Coiba), its Special Marine Protection Zone (ZEPM) and the importance of Smithsonian research for park planning and management. Both the Park and the Zone have been part of the same UNESCO Natural World Heritage Site since 2005. New book: The Ecology and Evolution of Heliconius Butterflies Chris Jiggins, Professor of Evolutionary Biology at the University of Cambridge and Director of Studies and Fellow at St John's College and Research Associate at STRI, is a key member of the group studying Heliconius butterflies at the Smithsonian insectaries in Gamboa, Panama. "There is a long history of evolutionary research on these butterflies. They're famous for their amazing wing pattern mimicry, but my group and others, including our collaborators in Panama, also study their ecology, behaviour, neurobiology and genomics. I've tried to bring all this knowledge together into one place, as an introduction to these amazing insects." FEBRUARY 10, 2017 / p. 19 Jean Pigozzi, owner of Canales de Tierra Island and the Liquid Jungle Lab in the Gulf of Chiriqu, Panama | dueo de la Isla Canales de Tierra y el Liquid Jungle Lab en el Golfo de Chiriqu, Panam; Peter de Menocal, Dean of Sciences, Columbia University | Decano de Ciencias, Columbia University; Fanny Douvere, Coordinator of the Marine Program of the UNESCO World Heritage Center | Coordinadora del Programa Marino del Centro de Patrimonio Mundial de la UNESCO; and Juan Mat, Manager for Scientific Affairs and Operations at STRI | Gerente para Asuntos y Operaciones Cientficas de STRI. Fanny Douvere visita Isla Ranchera Fanny Douvere, Coordinadora del Programa Marino del Centro de Patrimonio Mundial de la UNESCO en Paris, Francia, visit recientemente Isla Ranchera donde fue recibida por Juan Mat, Gerente para Asuntos y Operaciones Cientficas de STRI. Ambos conversaron sobre el Parque Nacional Coiba (PN Coiba) y su Zona Especial de Proteccin Marina (ZEPM) y los aportes de STRI al mismo. El PN Coiba y la ZEPM forman parte de un mismo Sitio de Patrimonio Mundial Natural de la UNESCO desde el 2005. Nuevo libro Chris Jiggins, Profesor de Biologa Evolutiva de la Universidad de Cambridge y Director de Estudios y becario del St John's College e Investigador Asociado de STRI, es miembro clave del grupo que estudia las mariposas Heliconius en los insectarios del Smithsonianos en Gamboa, Panam. "Hay una larga historia de investigacin evolutiva sobre estas mariposas. Son famosas por su impresionante patrn de ala, pero mi grupo y otros, incluyendo a nuestros colaboradores en Panam, tambin estudian su ecologa, comportamiento, neurobiologa y genmica. He tratado de reunir todo este conocimiento en un solo lugar, como una introduccin a estos increbles insectos". Martha Locke and Bill Cosgrove visit Galeta Stanley Heckadon, director of STRI's Galeta Point Marine Laboratory, describes Martha Locke as one of the station's madrinas (fairy godmothers). She and Elizabeth Barber contributed to the education program and to new, more comfortable living arrangements at the station. Always on the lookout for new friends of Galeta, Martha discovered Bill Cosgrove, who organizes reunions of the vets who worked at the now-defunct GRD-6 antenna array at Galeta Point, a U.S. Navy Security Group Activity. On Feb. 1, Cosgrove and his wife, Margaret Davis, toured the station with Locke, friends of Galeta from the Manzanillo International Terminal and officials from Panama's Ministry of Public Works in Colon and a group of kids from the Missionaries of Charity. Bill presented slides showing the station in 1966 when he first arrived and explained how a U.S. Navy Security Group Activity used the antenna array to listen in on radio transmissions from boats up to 3000 miles away. FEBRUARY 10, 2017 / p. 20 Martha Locke y Bill Cosgrove visitan Galeta Stanley Heckadon, director del Laboratorio Marino del Smithsonian en Punta Galeta, describe a Martha Locke como una de las madrinas (hada madrina). Ella y Elizabeth Barber contribuyeron al programa de educacin y a nuevos y ms cmodos dormitorios en la estacin. Siempre en busca de nuevos amigos de Galeta, Martha descubri a Bill Cosgrove, quien organiza reuniones de los veteranos que trabajaron en la ya desaparecida antena GRD-6 en Punta Galeta, del Security Group Activity de la Marina de los Estados Unidos. El 1 de febrero, Cosgrove y su esposa, Margaret Davis, recorrieron la estacin con Locke, amigos de Galeta de la Terminal Internacional de Manzanillo y funcionarios del Ministerio de Obras Pblicas de Panam, adems de un grupo de nios de las Misioneras de la Caridad. Bill present diapositivas mostrando la estacin en 1966 cuando lleg por primera vez y explic cmo el Security Group Activity utiliz la antena para escuchar las transmisiones de radio de barcos hasta 3000 millas de distancia. Top left | Arriba izquierda: Evelia de Becerra and Gilberto Chambers (Galeta staff | personal de Galeta) and Stanley Heckadon, station director, show the new dorm furniture to Martha Locke. | Director de la Estacin muestran a Martha Locke los nuevos muebles en los dormitorios. Top right | Derecha arriba: Bill Cosgrove at Manzanillo International Terminal, one of the largest container transshipment terminals east of the Caribbean entrance to the Panama Canal, built on the site of the U.S. Navy base where he served in the 1960's. Credit | Crdito: Stacy Hatfield Left | Izquierda: Galeta group at MIT. | Grupo de Galeta en MIT. Smithsonian Summer camp Offered every year during summer vacation in Panama, campers spend a week at Culebra Point Nature Center playing and having fun doing some of the same things that our scientists do. They survey animals on Culebra Point, take data on animal behavior and learn important research techniques such as climbing trees to find to discover a habitat very different from our usual habitat on the ground. FEBRUARY 10, 2017 / p. 21 Campamento de verano Smithsonian Realizado cada ao durante las vacaciones escolares, los campistas se divierten jugando y recreando las actividades que realizan nuestros cientficos. Los chicos hacen inventarios de fauna, tomas de datos en la naturaleza, experimentos de comportamiento animal y aprenden tcnicas como escalar rboles para investigar el bosque y descubrir un hbitat muy diferente al del suelo. FEBRUARY 10, 2017 / p. 22 PUBLICATIONS | PUBLICACIONES Anderson, B. M., Hendy, A., Johnson, E. H. and Allmon, W. D. 2017. Paleoecology and paleoenvironmental implications of turritelline gastropod-dominated assemblages from the Gatun Formation (Upper Miocene) of Panama. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 470: 132-146. doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2017.01.026 Baird, A. J., Low, R., Young, D., Swindles, G. T., Lopez, O. R. and Page, S. E. 2017. High permeability explains the vulnerability of the carbon store in drained tropical peatlands: Tropical peatland permeability. Geophysical Research Letters, doi:10.1002/2016GL072245 Engler, S., Rose, A. and Knrnschild, M. 2017. Isolation call ontogeny in bat pups (Glossophaga soricina). Behaviour, doi:10.1163/1568539X-00003421 Guzman, H. M. and Condit, R. S. 2017. Active sonar survey of manatees in western Panama: Complete data. Panama: Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute. doi:10.5479/data_stri/10088/30355 Heckadon-Moreno, S.. 2017. J.M. Dow y la Revolucin Radical en el Istmo, 1885. Epocas, 32(1): 10-11. Jiggins, C. D. 2016. The ecology & evolution of heliconius butterflies New York, NY: Oxford University Press. Kelehear, C., Graham, S. P. and Langkilde, T. 2017. Defensive Strategies of Puerto Rican Dwarf Geckos (Sphaerodactylus macrolepis) Against Invasive Fire Ants. Herpetologica, doi:10.1655 HERPETOLOGICA-D-16-00042 MacFadden, B. J., Jones, D. S., Jud, N. A., Moreno-Bernal, J., Morgan, G. S., Portell, R. W., Perez, V. J., Moran, S. M. and Wood, A. R. 2017. Integrated Chronology, Flora and Faunas, and Paleoecology of the Alajuela Formation, Late Miocene of Panama. PLOS ONE, 12(1) doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0170300 Martin, J. G., Cooke, R. G., Bustamante, F., Holst, I., Lara, A. and Redwood, S. D. 2016. Ocupaciones prehispnicas en Isla Pedro Gonzalez, Archipielago de las Perlas, Panam: Aproximacin a una cronologa con comentarios sobre las conexiones externas. Latin American Antiquity, 27(3): 378-396. doi:10.7183/1045-6635.27.3.378 O'Brien, M. J., Engelbrecht, B. M. J., Joswig, J., Pereyra, G., Schuldt, B., Jansen, S., Kattge, J., Landhusser, S. M., Levick, S. R., Preisler, Y., Vnnen, P. and Macinnis-Ng, C. 2017. A synthesis of tree functional traits related to drought-induced mortality in forests across climatic-zones. Journal of Applied Ecology, doi:10.1111/1365-2664.12874 Sedio, B. E. 2017. Recent breakthroughs in metabolomics promise to reveal the cryptic chemical traits that mediate plant community composition, character evolution and lineage diversification. New Phytologist, doi:10.1111/nph.14438 Spicer, M. E., Stark, A. Y., Adams, B. J., Kneale, R., Kaspari, M. and Yanoviak, S. P. 2017. Thermal constraints on foraging of tropical canopy ants.Oecologia, doi:10.1007/s00442-017-3825-4 Strandburg-Peshkin, A., Farine, D. R., Crofoot, M. C. and Couzin, I. D. 2017. Habitat and social factors shape individual decisions and emergent group structure during baboon collective movement. eLife, 6 doi:10.7554/eLife.19505 ter Hofstede, H., Voigt-Heucke, S., Lang, A.r, Rmer, H., Page, R., Faure, P. and Dechmann, D. K. N. 2017. Revisiting adaptations of neotropical katydids (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae) to gleaning bat predation. Neotropical Biodiversity, 3(1): 41- 49. doi:10.1080/23766808.2016.1272314 Wulff, J. 2017. Bottom-up and top-down controls on coral reef sponges: disentangling within-habitat and between-habitat processes. Ecology, doi:10.1002/ecy.1754 GET IN TOUCH! WE'D LOVE TO KNOW WHAT YOU THINK CONTCTANOS! NOS ENCANTARA SABER SU OPININ: FEBRUARY 10, 2017 / p. 23 William McQuay Cornell Lab of Ornithology/National Public Radio A chirp is worth a thousand words: communication in acoustically complex environments Barro Colorado Island Heather Stewart McGill University Field Course-ENVR 610: Foundations of Environmental Policy (NEO) Gamboa Calixto Rodrguez UNACHI Host specificity of vascular epiphytes San Lorenzo Olivia Feagles University Wisconsin - La Crosse La historia natural y la evolucin del com- portamiento de los artrpodos Tupper, Barro Colorado Island Andrew Nottingham University of Edinburgh Microbial control of tropical forest soil carbon storage under elevated temperature Barro Colorado Island, Gamboa, Tupper, Fortuna Hugo Narizano Napier University, Edinburgh Sensory and social ecology of the common vampire bat Gamboa Manu Sanjeev Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Mohali The Genomics of Speciation and Adapta- tion Gamboa Dorothy Stradford and Katrina Macht Montclair State University Barro Colorado Island Mammal Census Barro Colorado Island Alistair Rogers, Kim Ely, Shawn Serbin and Jin Wu Brookhaven National Laboratory Plant functional traits Gamboa, Tupper, San Lorenzo Margaret Crofoot University of California Davis Matt Jones East Carolina University Jean Hirwa Museum national d'Histoire naturelle FOOD FOR THOUGHT: Does smart foraging explain how primates can afford big brains? Barro Colorado Island Sheila Ward Mahogany for the Future Nicholas Brokaw University of Puerto Rico Gap-phase Regeneration in a Tropical Forest Barro Colorado Island ARRIVALS | LLEGADAS Jimena Pitty To Changuinola and Isla Coln For teacher training in coordination with the Bocas station Omar Hernndez, Andrs Hernndez and Mirna Samaniego To Baha Honda, Son, Veraguas For the Project: Managing secondary succession to increase long-term carbon storage in tropical forests DEPARTURES | SALIDAS TUPPER SEMINAR Tue., Feb. 14, 4pm David Roubik STRI Tupper Auditorium An embellishment that became a mutualism: inquiries on male bee tibial bouquets and fragrance-producing orchids in Panama and oceanic islands (Apidae: Apinae, Euglossini; Orchidaceae: Epidendroideae) TUPPER SEMINAR Tue., Feb. 21, 4pm Catalina Pimiento Palontologisches Institut und Museum, University of Zurich Tupper Auditorium Marine megafaunal extinctions BAMBI SEMINAR Thu., Feb. 16, 7:15pm Deborah Letourneau UCSC Barro Colorado Island Ways of seeing: Piper-ant-Plants as a mesocosm BAMBI SEMINAR Thu., Feb. 23, 7:15pm Walt Carson University of Pittsburgh Barro Colorado Island TBA SEMINARS | SEMINARIOS FEBRUARY 10, 2017 / p. 24 FEBRUARY 17, 2017

STRI News is published weekly for Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute staff by the Development Office. It is printed and distributed to all staff and is offered online in an 8.5x11 PDF format.

About Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute

The Smithsonian Tropical Research Institution (STRI) in Panama, is a bureau of the Smithsonian Institution based outside of the United States, is dedicated to understanding biological diversity.


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