STATISTICS OF FRUITS, TREE NUTS, AND
For most fruits, production is estimated at two levels—total and utilized. Total production is the
quantity of fruit harvested plus quantities which would have been acceptable for fresh market or proc-
essing but were not harvested or utilized because of economic and other reasons. Utilized production
is the amount sold plus the quantities used on farms where grown and quantities held in storage.
The difference between total and utilized production is the quantity of marketable fruit not harvested
and fruit harvested but not sold or utilized because of economic and other reasons. Production relates
to the crop produced on all farms, except for apples and strawberries. In accordance with Congres-
sional enactment, the Department’s estimates of apple production since 1938 have related only to
commercial production. The estimates for strawberries cover production on area grown primarily for
sale. Statistics on utilization of fruit by commercial processors refer to first utilization, not necessarily
final utilization. For example, frozen fruit includes fruit which may later be used for preserves.
The price shown for each crop is a marketing year average price for all methods of sales. Prices
for most fresh fruit are the average prices producers received at the point of first sale, commonly
referred to as the ‘‘average price as sold.’’ Since the point of first sale is not the same for all produc-
ers, prices for the various methods of sale are weighted by the proportionate quantity sold. For exam-
ple, if in a given State part of the fruit crop is sold f.o.b. packed by growers, part sold as bulk
fruit at the packinghouse door, and some sold retail at roadside stands, the fresh fruit average price
as sold is a weighted average of the average price for each method of sale.
The annual estimates are checked and adjusted at the end of each marketing season on the basis
of shipment and processing records from transportation agencies, processors, co