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© UCLES 2007
UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS
General Certificate of Education Advanced Level
Paper 4 Data Response and Essay (Supplement)
2 hours 15 minutes
READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST
If you have been given an Answer Booklet, follow the instructions on the front cover of the Booklet.
Write your Centre number, candidate number and name on all the work you hand in.
Write in dark blue or black pen.
You may use a soft pencil for any diagrams, graphs or rough working.
Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.
Answer Question 1.
Answer any two questions.
You may answer with reference to your own economy or other economies that you have studied where
relevant to the question.
At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together.
The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question.
© UCLES 2007
Answer this question.
Tourism and the local workers
Here are two accounts of the tourist industry in Africa.
The Gambia, on the west coast of Africa, is ranked 160th out of 173 on the United Nations
Human Development Index. Over half the population live on less than one US dollar a day
and survive on subsistence agriculture and cannot compete with subsidised American
However, things are changing as The Gambia expands its tourist sector, which is now a
significant part of the national economy, accounting for 7.8 % of GDP. It employs 5000
directly and creates work for 6000 others. Large European tour operators play a vital role in
marketing, assuring quality, and providing flights and accommodation. Tourism has the major
advantage that developed countries cannot plac