SECURITY IN THE HORN OF AFRICIA NS-4328 PROFESSOR LETITIA LAWSON
African Aid Programs in
The Horn of Africa
Does Increasing The Dollar Amount Of Foreign Aid to Countries in the Horn of Africa Increase the
possibilities of economically prosperous institutions and growth?
Introduction Overview- US Aid in Africa
The United States Aid (USAID) officials claim that the United States has had a number
of successful applications through aid programs within African countries. The officials measure
the success on the programs ability to promote sustainable development, democracy, and conflict
resolution.1 However, does an increased dollar amount of aid in the Horn of Africa increase the
possibilities of economically prosperous institutions and growth of GDP?
During the 1960’s much of Africa was seeking independence from colonial rule and
wanted to become an independent nation or state. Following the decade of the 60’s until the mid
70’s economic growth was reasonably strong despite newly formed governments and border
instability between new regimes. The 1980’s until present have been sluggish or declining in
economic growth for most countries.
The slow economic growth has been attributed to “poor
governance, political instability, geographic features, and historical conditions such as
colonialism” by many economic professionals.
There is plenty of room for speculation as to the
cause of Sub-Saharan Africa and its economic turmoil since the 80’s. However, the most glaring
causes are little human capital, regional dependence upon a single commodity with no diversity,
high population growth despite disease, and basic isolation from the global money pool.
average Sub-Saharan African per-capita GDP reached its lowest point in the mid 1990’s, and has
yet to recover to the levels of the mid 70’s. On average, roughly one half of Sub-Saharan