Rigveda manuscript in Devanāgarī (early 19th
Several Indo-Aryan languages,
including Sanskrit, Hindi,
Marathi, Nepali, Bhili, Konkani,
Bhojpuri, Magahi, Maithili,
Newari and sometimes Sindhi and
Kashmiri. Formerly used to write
→ Phoenician alphabet
→ Aramaic alphabet
Canadian Aboriginal syllabics
Sharada, Eastern Nāgarī
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/ˌdeɪvəˈnɑːɡəriː/ in English), or Nāgarī, is
an abugida alphabet of India and Nepal. It is
written from left to right, lacks distinct letter
cases, and is recognizable by a distinctive ho-
rizontal line running along the tops of the let-
ters that links them together. Devanāgarī is
the main script used to write Hindi, Marathi,
and Nepali. Since the 19th century, it has
been the most commonly used script for
Sanskrit. Devanāgarī is also employed for Gu-
jari, Bhili, Bhojpuri, Konkani, Magahi, Maith-
ili, Marwari, Newari, Pahari (Garhwali and
Kumaoni), Santhali, Tharu, and sometimes
formerly used to write Gujarati.
Devanāgarī is part of the Brahmic family of
alphabets of Nepal, India, Tibet, and South-
East Asia. It is a descendant of the Gupta
script, along with Siddham and Sharada.
Eastern variants of Gupta called Nāgarī are
first attested from the 8th century; from c.
1200 these gradually replaced Siddham,
which survived as a vehicle for Tantric
Buddhism in East Asia, and Sharada, which
remained in parallel use in Kashmir.
Sanskrit nāgarī is the feminine of nāgara
"urban(e)", a vrddhi adjectival form of nagara
"city". It is f