Introduction to Poetry
This sheet is designed to familiarise your students with writing poetry
in a number of styles. It can be used as a guide within the classroom
or sent home with students. Styles appear below in order of difficulty
with the easiest at the top! Turn over to see examples of each.
Free verse poetry is ‘free’ from the normal rules of poetry.
It can rhyme but it does not have to, however if a rhyming
pattern is formed in the poem it is not free verse.
The main object of free verse is to use colourful/descriptive
words, punctuation and word placement to convey meaning
to the reader. Free verse is also a good way to practise using
alliteration, assonance, internal rhyme and onomatopoeia as it is
not restricted by any set guidelines.
Kennings poems are quick and easy. They describe something
without saying what it is and are made up of short lines using two
words each. Choose a subject and decide on two good words to
describe it. Come up with about ten pairs of words.
Subject/title - My Dog
A traditional Japanese haiku (hi-koo) is a three-line poem
with a total of 17 syllables.
- 5 syllables
- 7 syllables
Line three - 5 syllables
This form is trickier than it first seems! Clap along to our example
to see how it works.
An acrostic is based around one person, place, object or
theme and is written vertically down the side of the page, one
letter per line. Each line must then start with that letter and the
rest of the poem built using this structure. They are often used to
aid memory retrieval.
Line three - D
Cinquains are made up of five lines.
Line three -
Stick to the syllable count and ensure your poem
makes sense! Clap along to our example to identify the pattern.
A rhyming poem sounds simple, right? Wro