What Is Acid Reflux Disease Or Gerd
Acid Reflux is a disease commonly known as GERD, Gastroesophageal Reflux
Disease. This is described by the condition in which the stomach’s liquid
content refluxes in the esophagus. This liquid can cause damage and
inflammation in the lining of your esophagus. The liquid that is refluxed
contains pepsin and acid which is produced by the stomach. Pepsin is the
enzyme which starts the digestion of the proteins found in our stomach. The
regurgitated liquid can also contain bile that backs-up from the duodenum
which attaches the small intestines to the stomach. The most damaging
ingredient in acid reflux is acid.
Acid Reflux is known as a chronic condition and takes a lifetime to deal with. A
chronic condition is achieved when there is injury to the lining of the
esophagus. If treatment is applied it must be continuous or the problems will
return and so will GERD.
Our body has ways to protect itself from the destructive effects of acid reflux.
Reflux usually occurs when a person is in a supine or laying down position
because the refluxed liquid can freely flow back to the stomach.
If awake, a person swallows repeatedly whether there is reflux or not. When a
person swallows, reflux liquid flows back into the stomach. The salivary glands
produce saliva containing bicarbonate, and every time the person swallows, the
saliva containing bicarbonate travels down to the esophagus. The bicarbonate
acts as the neutralizer in the small amount of acid which is left in the
In fact, the reflux of the stomach's liquid contents into the esophagus occurs in
most standard individuals. One study has found that reflux occurs as regularly
in normal individuals as in patients who are diagnosed with GERD. In patients
with GERD however, the refluxed liquid contains more acid, and the acid
remains in the esophagus for longer periods of time.
Certain conditions make a person vulnerable to acid reflux. A person who has
GERD can also have elevated hormone levels. If you f