Bioinforrmatics And Life Sciences
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Some important events in the History Of Bioinformatics And Computational
Biology: - TIMELINE
1. 1859 – The “On the Origin of Species”, published by Charles Darwin that introduced theory of
genetic evolution – allows adaptation over time to produce organisms best suited to the
Did You Know: When Darwin was awarded the Copley medal of the Royal Society in 1865, it was for his
achievements as a biologist and naturalist rather than for his controversial theory of evolution.]
2. 1869 - The DNA from nuclei of white blood cells was first isolated by Friedrich Meischer.
3. 1911 - The first genetic map was constructed by Alfred Sturtevant, who mapped the locations of
several fruit fly genes.
Did you know: This first genetic map, which remains a fundamental construct of genomics, was deduced in a
single night by Sturtevant at the early age of 19.
4. 1926 - Thomas Hunt Morgan published the "theory of the gene" based on Mendelian genetics.
Did you know: Morgan was a many-sided character who was, as a student, critical and independent. His early
published work showed him to be critical of Mendelian conceptions of heredity, and in 1905 he challenged the
assumption then current that the germ cells are pure and uncrossed and, like Bateson was sceptical of the view
that species arise by natural selection.
5. 1933 - A innovative technique called electrophoresis, is introduced by Arne Tiselius for
separating proteins in solution.
Did you know: Arne Tiselius received the 1948 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for developing new methods of
separating and detecting colloids.
6. 1951 – Linus Pauling and Corey propose the structure for the alpha-helix and beta-sheet.
7. 1952 - Rosalind Franklin and Maurice Wilkins performed X-ray crystallography studies of DNA,
providing crucial information that led to the elucidation of the structure of DNA.
Did you know: The credit (or lack of it) given to Franklin for her work has