Southwest Georgia Xtreme RC Club UnLtd

Dec 1, 2016 | Publisher: keith.aldredge | Category: Other |  | Collection: Migrated Docs | Views: 122 | Likes: 1

 December 1, 2016 Southwest Georgia Xtreme RC Club UNLTD 
 Revision 1.3 Membership Handbook, Page 1 Over 25 Years 
 December 1, 2016 Welcome! Southwest Georgia Xtreme RC Club It is a pleasure to welcome you the Southwest Georgia Xtreme RC Club. We have been around since 1990 and was founded by Tom Robbins under the name of Rose City Aero Modelers. We are a registered AMA club that encourage fellowship, safety, and the joy of flight. It doesn't matter if you are just a beginner or an expert, you will feel at home with us. Our membership is made up of all skill levels with varying years of experience. Each one enjoy helping each other in this exciting and fulfilling hobby. If you're into fixed wings, helis, multi-rotors, boats, cars, FPV, or anything else RC related, you will find other members who enjoy your same interest. So relax, sit back, and enjoy reading your new membership book. It is full of information that you will find useful and informative. If you have any questions, please let us know. Every question is important and we want your experience with us to be memorable. And remember: be safe, be considerate, and most of all have fun!
 Revision 1.3 Membership Handbook, Page 2 
 December 1, 2016 The By-Laws How We Regulate Ourselves ARTICLE 1: NAME The name of the organization shall be the Southwest Georgia Xtreme RC Club Unlimited. ARTICLE II: PURPOSE The purposes for which the Club is organized are to: 1. Form an association of model aviation hobbyists of all ages who design, build, and fly model aircraft as a means to a safe and enjoyable recreation. 2. Promote fellowship among the members for mutual technical support and education, and 3. Provide model aviation related activities that support Thomasville and Thomas County community goals. ARTICLE III: MEMBERSHIP A. The club shall have three (3) classes of membership: Revision 1.3 Membership Handbook, Page 3 
 December 1, 2016 1. General. Open to anyone at least 18 years of age who holds a current Academy of Model Aeronautics (AMA) membership. 2. Junior. Open to anyone under 18 years of age with parent or guardian approval. Junior members must be AMA members. They are ineligible to vote or hold office, but shall enjoy all other rights and privileges offered by the Club. 3. Family. Open to anyone who is an immediate family members living in the same household. Each family member must hold AMA membership. Family members shall enjoy all right and privileges offered by the club, except that only 1 family member may vote or hold office. B. Dues for each membership class shall be: a) General: b) Junior: c) Family: $60.00 per year; $20.00 per year; $75.00 per year 1. Membership dues shall be paid at the start of the fiscal year and cover the period through the end of the fiscal year. New members shall have their first year dues prorated by month for the remaining months in the year. 2. A member is delinquent if dues are not paid by the end of 60 days after the start of the fiscal year. The member will then be dropped from the rolls. 3. The fiscal year shall be from January 1 to December 31. Revision 1.3 Membership Handbook, Page 4 
 December 1, 2016 ARTICLE IV: OFFICERS A. Officers: 1. The affairs of the club shall be managed by an Executive Committee consisting of the elected officers of the Club. 2. There shall be no less than four (4) elected officers. If necessary, an elected officer may also assume the duties of 1 of the appointed officers. B. Duties of elected officers: 1. President: The President shall be the executive officer of the club and shall preside at all meetings. He shall be the spokesperson for the club. He shall appoint standing and special committees a required. He is an ex-officio member of all committees. In case of a tie vote, he shall cast the deciding vote. 2. Vice-President: The Vice-President shall assist the President in all matters and shall assume the duties of the President if, for any reason, he is not able to perform his duties. 3. Secretary: The Secretary shall keep accurate minutes of the club’s proceedings. He shall record meeting attendance. He shall keep an up-to-date record of all members. He shall assume the duties of the Treasurer if he is unable to perform his duties. 4. Treasurer: The Treasurer shall have charge of all the funds of the club. He shall keep a record of all funds received and Revision 1.3 Membership Handbook, Page 5 
 December 1, 2016 dispersed. He will present an annual report at the first meeting of the year. He shall maintain the records in such a manner that they may be open for inspection at any time. He shall make a report of the financial condition of the club at all meetings. He shall assume the duties of the Secretary if he is unable to perform his duties. 5. Safety officer: The Safety Officer shall have the responsibility of maintaining a safe flying atmosphere at the field. He has the responsibility to request any individual using the club’s facilities in a manner that violates the AMA Safety Code or one adopted by the Club to cease use of the facilities. C. Duties of appointed officers: 1. Newsletter Editor: The Editor shall have the responsibility of maintaining a high level of communication among the club members and the general public when appropriate. This can be through a newsletter, email, website, or other means appropriate to the occasion. This shall be done as frequently as needed, but no less than monthly. 2. Webmaster: The Webmaster shall be responsible for the successful running of the website, generate and revise web pages as necessary to enhance communication with members and to attract the public to the sport of aero modeling. D. Executive Committee: Revision 1.3 Membership Handbook, Page 6 
 December 1, 2016 1. The elected officers shall comprise the Executive Committee and shall be empowered to make decisions when action must be taken before a regular membership meeting. It may meet as often as deemed necessary. It is empowered to make those decisions necessary to efficiently manage the club. Any member may attend a meeting as an observer. 2. Any club officer may approve expenditures of up to $25 for club related business. Club members will not be reimbursed for their own labor costs under this provision. Receipts must be provided to the Treasurer for repayment. Approval of the executive committee is required for expenditures from $26 up to $200.00. Approval of expenditures $200.00 and above will require the approval of the members present at a meeting. E. Authority: 1. The officers shall represent the Club and shall negotiate vital Club interests on behalf of the membership in all business matters. 2. The officers serve as the Executive Committee of the Club. 3. Club officers shall collect and store minimal information on Club members pertinent to efficient communication with Club members and managing Club business. Club officers shall not share personal information of any Club members, other than name and Academy of Model Aeronautics membership number with any outside interests, except with the member’s explicit approval. Club officers may share Revision 1.3 Membership Handbook, Page 7 
 December 1, 2016 members' names, email addresses and phone number with other Club members. Individual Club members may request that their contact information be withheld from other Club members. F. Term of Office: 1. Officers shall be elected annually during the business meeting in December each year and take office at the completion of the meeting. 2. Officers shall serve a term of one (1) year unless re-elected. ARTICLE V: SAFETY All AMA rules and rules adopted by the Club shall be adhered to by every club member and club guest. ARTICLE VI: AMENDMENTS The By-laws of the Club may be amended by a 2/3 vote of the membership present at a regular meeting, provided that notice has been sent to each member one (1) month prior to the vote. ARTICLE VII: MEETINGS 1. The club shall have regular meetings and will occur no less than four (4) times per year. Only paid up full dues paying members are eligible to vote or hold office. Revision 1.3 Membership Handbook, Page 8 
 December 1, 2016 2. A majority of the Executive Committee present at any regular or special meeting shall constitute a quorum. 3. A vote of 1/2 plus 1 of the members present is required to pass any motion. ARTICLE VIII: ORDER OF BUSINESS 1. Call meeting to order 2. Reading of minutes of previous meeting 3) Treasurer’s report 3. Introduction of visitors and new members 5) Old business 4. Committee reports 5. New business 6. Program 7. Adjournment Revision 1.3 Membership Handbook, Page 9 
 December 1, 2016 Safety Safe Flying Is No Accident As an AMA approved club, safety is always our first concern. Below you will find the latest AMA Safety Code that we adhere to as pilots of Rose City Aero Modelers Club. Please take time to read over the safety code and apply them to your flying. We want you to have a wonderful experience at the field and not end up in the Emergency Room. These safety guidelines will promote a safe environment for everyone at the field. Revision 1.3 Membership Handbook, Page 10 
 December 1, 2016 Academy of Model Aeronautics National Model Aircraft Safety Code Effective January 1, 2014 A. GENERAL: A model aircraft is a non-human-carrying aircraft capable of sustained flight in the atmosphere. It may not exceed limitations of this code and is intended exclusively for sport, recreation, education and/or competition. All model flights must be conducted in accordance with this safety code and any additional rules specific to the flying site. 1. Model aircraft will not be flown: A. In a careless or reckless manner. B. At a location where model aircraft activities are prohibited. 2. Model aircraft pilots will: A. Yield the right of way to all human-carrying aircraft. B. See and avoid all aircraft and a spotter must be used when appropriate. (AMA Document #540-D.) C. Not fly higher than approximately 400 feet above ground level within three (3) miles of an airport without notifying the airport operator. D. Not interfere with operations and traffic patterns at any airport, heliport or seaplane base except where there is a mixed use agreement. Revision 1.3 Membership Handbook, Page 11 
 December 1, 2016 E. Not exceed a takeoff weight, including fuel, of 55 pounds unless in compliance with the AMA Large Model Airplane program. (AMA Document 520-A.) F. Ensure the aircraft is identified with the name and address or AMA number of the owner on the inside or affixed to the outside of the model aircraft. (This does not apply to model aircraft flown indoors.) G. Not operate aircraft with metal-blade propellers or with gaseous boosts except for helicopters operated under the provisions of AMA Document #555. H. Not operate model aircraft while under the influence of alcohol or while using any drug that could adversely affect the pilot’s ability to safely control the model. I. Not operate model aircraft carrying pyrotechnic devices that explode or burn, or any device which propels a projectile or drops any object that creates a hazard to persons or property. Exceptions: • Free Flight fuses or devices that burn producing smoke and are securely attached to the model aircraft during flight. • Rocket motors (using solid propellant) up to a G-series size may be used provided they remain attached to the model during flight. Model rockets may be flown in Revision 1.3 Membership Handbook, Page 12 
 December 1, 2016 accordance with the National Model Rocketry Safety Code but may not be launched from model aircraft. • Officially designated AMA Air Show Teams (AST) are authorized to use devices and practices as defined within the Team AMA Program Document. (AMA Document #718.) J. (j) Not operate a turbine-powered aircraft, unless in compliance with the AMA turbine regulations. (AMA Document #510-A.) 3. Model aircraft will not be flown in AMA sanctioned events, air shows or model demonstrations unless: A. The aircraft, control system and pilot skills have successfully demonstrated all maneuvers intended or anticipated prior to the specific event. B. An inexperienced pilot is assisted by an experienced pilot. 4. When and where required by rule, helmets must be properly worn and fastened. They must be OSHA, DOT, ANSI, SNELL or NOCSAE approved or comply with comparable standards. B. RADIO CONTROL (RC) 1. All pilots shall avoid flying directly over unprotected people, vessels, vehicles or structures and shall avoid endangerment of life and property of others. Revision 1.3 Membership Handbook, Page 13 
 December 1, 2016 2. A successful radio equipment ground-range check in accordance with manufacturer’s recommendations will be completed before the first flight of a new or repaired model aircraft. 3. At all flying sites a safety line(s) must be established in front of which all flying takes place. (AMA Document #706.) A. Only personnel associated with flying the model aircraft are allowed at or in front of the safety line. B. At air shows or demonstrations, a straight safety line must be established. C. An area away from the safety line must be maintained for spectators. D. Intentional flying behind the safety line is prohibited. 4. RC model aircraft must use the radio-control frequencies currently allowed by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC). Only individuals properly licensed by the FCC are authorized to operate equipment on Amateur Band frequencies. 5. RC model aircraft will not knowingly operate within three (3) miles of any pre-existing flying site without a frequency- management agreement. (AMA Documents #922 and #923.) 6. With the exception of events flown under official AMA Competition Regulations, excluding takeoff and landing, no powered model may be flown outdoors closer than 25 feet to Revision 1.3 Membership Handbook, Page 14 
 December 1, 2016 any individual, except for the pilot and the pilot's helper(s) located at the flight line. 7. Under no circumstances may a pilot or other person touch an outdoor model aircraft in flight while it is still under power, except to divert it from striking an individual. 8. RC night flying requires a lighting system providing the pilot with a clear view of the model’s attitude and orientation at all times. Hand-held illumination systems are inadequate for night flying operations. 9. The pilot of an RC model aircraft shall: A. Maintain control during the entire flight, maintaining visual contact without enhancement other than by corrective lenses prescribed for the pilot. B. Fly using the assistance of a camera or First-Person View (FPV) only in accordance with the procedures outlined in AMA Document #550. C. Fly using the assistance of autopilot or stabilization system only in accordance with the procedures outlined in AMA Document #560. C. FREE FLIGHT 1. Must be at least 100 feet downwind of spectators and automobile parking when the model aircraft is launched. Revision 1.3 Membership Handbook, Page 15 
 December 1, 2016 2. Launch area must be clear of all individuals except mechanics, officials, and other fliers. 3. An effective device will be used to extinguish any fuse on the model aircraft after the fuse has completed its function. D. CONTROL LINE 1. The complete control system (including the safety thong where applicable) must have an inspection and pull test prior to flying. 2. The pull test will be in accordance with the current Competition Regulations for the applicable model aircraft category. 3. Model aircraft not fitting a specific category shall use those pull- test requirements as indicated for Control Line Precision Aerobatics. 4. The flying area must be clear of all utility wires or poles and a model aircraft will not be flown closer than 50 feet to any above- ground electric utility lines. 5. The flying area must be clear of all nonessential participants and spectators before the engine is started. Revision 1.3 Membership Handbook, Page 16 
 December 1, 2016 Airfield We have the privilege of having a designated flying site just outside of Coolidge Ga at a grass airstrip known as Suber Field. With this privilege, there are responsibilities and rules we must follow as a club to maintain our great relationship with the owner so we can continue to have access to this wonderful field. Let's make sure we all follow the rules that have been agreed upon. 1. You must be a registered AMA pilot to fly at the field. We are a sanctioned AMA field. Revision 1.3 Membership Handbook, Page 17 
 December 1, 2016 2. We must follow all the AMA Safety Codes and any additional safety rules the club membership has passed and implemented. 3. Even though we are surrounded by wide open farm land, we must maintain a line-of-sight with our aircraft at all times. Revision 1.3 Membership Handbook, Page 18 
 December 1, 2016 Airfield Layout Everything Has Its Place In compliance with AMA rules for club field layout, our field has been carefully designed to meets those requirements and to provide maximum benefits and safety to our pilots and spectators. As you can tell, we have plenty of room to expand if the need arises to accommodate our growing club. The aerial photograph below shows our field with the designated areas clearly laid out and labeled. Please be sure to observe and use those designated areas as indicated on the drawing. By doing so, you will insure the safety of fellow pilots as well as our guests and spectators. Revision 1.3 Membership Handbook, Page 19 
 December 1, 2016 Airfield Management And There Is More Here are guidelines for our field operations. There are merits to safety, respecting other pilots and keeping our facilities clean. Together, we can make our flying experience fun and enjoyable. GENERAL 1. Spectators must stay behind starting area, unless requested to assist pilot. 2. All pets are to be on leash. 3. Children must stay behind the spectator line. 4. Be courteous, direct engine exhaust away from pits. 5. No alcoholic beverages or drugs will be allowed on the premises. Persons under the influence shall be asked to leave. SAFETY 1. Engines will be started in starting areas only. (Electrics have motors, not engines) 2. Upon landing, aircraft shall be shutdown before reaching the pit area. Revision 1.3 Membership Handbook, Page 20 
 December 1, 2016 3. A pilot will not fly his model in a careless, reckless, or dangerous manner, If possible. 4. No flying will be permitted over the pits. AIR TRAFFIC 1. Pilots shall announce their intent to land prior to doing so - if dead stick, so announce. 2. Aircraft stalled on runway shall be retrieved ASAP. Announce intent to walk across runway. 3. All aircraft shall land on the flying side of the safety line. Revision 1.3 Membership Handbook, Page 21 
 December 1, 2016 Pre-Flight Checks Measure Twice, Cut Once There is nothing worse than taking your pride- and-joy out for a flight only to see her nosedive into the ground and to later discover that if a proper pre-flight was done all of it could have been avoided. Many pilots of varying skill levels have done the "walk of shame," so don't worry. If proper pre-flight checks are done, it will ensure the aircraft and conditions are favorable for flight. In the pages to follow are different comprehensive pre- flight checklists provided by . Following their checklist will not only help you stay safe but it may avoid you doing the "walk of shame." Revision 1.3 Membership Handbook, Page 22 
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 December 1, 2016 Lithium-ion Polymer Batteries With Attitudes Lithium-ion Polymer (LiPo) batteries are a bit different than other battery’s chemistry and require safe handling procedures. Some people really over-react to the dangers involved when using LiPo batteries. I can tell you I’ve never had a dangerous condition occur with LiPo batteries and I’ve handled, charged, and used hundreds of them over the last several years. That includes damaged cells from crashes. If you’re a rough-and-tumble hobbyist that throws their batteries around, tosses them on the bench or in your trunk like they’re made of wood, then sure. You’re probably going to get “bitten” by a LiPo at some point. The best advice I can give anyone about working with LiPos is to think of them like an expensive camera. You wouldn’t toss that around without regard, would you? You’d also keep it dry, be careful not to drop it or leave it out in the sun, or even get it wet. Just be very intentional with your LiPos in the same way and you’ll be fine. The only hurdle you have remaining is proper charging, discharging, and disposal. We’ve given you everything you’ll ever need to be a responsible LiPo user, written in the many pages of the Knowledge Base….so you have no excuses! Use them, treat them well, and your LiPos with last a very long time and give you hundreds of flawless flights. Here’s some big Do’s and Don’t’s to get you started: Revision 1.3 Membership Handbook, Page 35 
 December 1, 2016 Li-Po, Li-ion, and LiFePO4 Do's Don't Monitor your charging Lithium batteries. Leave charging Lithium batteries unattended. Use only a charger specifically designed for your battery type. Charge lithium-based batteries as you would any other type including NiMH. You will ruin the battery and may cause a fire/ explosion. Pay close attention to the physical form factor between flights and charges for any changes such as “puffing” or swelling. If evident, STOP USING IMMEDIATELY and do not charge or connect to your airplane or charger. Charge or use a Lithium battery that looks puffy or swollen. Stop using immediately and follow the disposal instructions below. Always verify the settings on your charger before starting the charge process. Many chargers have multiple memory slots for different batteries and you may have selected the wrong one or forgot to select the profile. Use a battery that has been damaged or involved in a crash. Even if the battery looks fine, let it sit for at least an hour before re- examining and using/charging. Revision 1.3 Membership Handbook, Page 36 
 December 1, 2016 For additional information, visit our AMA website at http://
 Follow your manufacturer’s instructions carefully for maximum charge ratings and charging methods. Attempt to repair a damaged lithium battery. Follow the disposal instructions below. Store and charge your lithium batteries in a fire-resistant or explosion-proof container such as a fire-safe security box (unless outdoors). Lithium burns hotter than magnesium (hot!) and will quickly consume any flammable materials around it…like your house or vehicle. Attempt to make your own packs by combining lithium flat “foil” cells. Special materials and processes are used in making safe, solid packs that are not available to the consumer. These are not like NiMH, NiCad, or other “jelly roll” cylindrical cells. Remember to apply a storage voltage to your Lithium batteries before storage for safety. Below voltage damages the cells and max voltage promotes corrosion and puffing or swelling. Charge your Lithium batteries inside the model. You cannot visually monitor any physical changes indicating problems. Don't Do's Revision 1.3 Membership Handbook, Page 37 
 December 1, 2016 Safe Battery Disposal Don't Get Shocked General Guidelines Handling damaged batteries is not safe. Please wear gloves and be ready to extinguish any flames that may erupt from the damaged pack. Batteries burn very hot, release toxic fumes and can easily cause permanent physical injury, property damage, and even loss of life. Badly damaged cells are best left outside on a non-flammable surface for several days to allow some discharge and stabilization. If you are uncomfortable handling the damaged cells, contact your local battery recycling center or visit the Environmental Protection Agency’s website for help. The batteries that pose the most personal danger are Lithium- based batteries due to risk of fire and explosion. All rechargeable batteries contain material and fluids that are harmful and even fatal to the human body, but Li-pos pose the greatest immediate physical threat due to higher volatility and ease of combustion. Do not be mislead however as most batteries can explode and catch fire very easily if damaged, short-circuited or overcharged. Revision 1.3 Membership Handbook, Page 38 
 December 1, 2016 Crashed packs If you happen to crash with a lithium pack onboard, it should be removed from the model, disconnected and placed a minimum of 20 feet away from people or objects outside and downwind from spectators. You may also place them inside an empty fireproof container away from other objects. Be sure the container is safe to contain a small but very hot fire or explosion. I use an old fire-safe security box. If after a couple hours the crashed pack appears normal (not “puffy”) with no visible sign of damage, test the pack voltage to see if it is within normal range. If all appears ok, discharge the pack with an approved charger (preferably outside or in a fire-proof container) to normal minimum voltage. Let the pack settle for a half hour after discharge and then charge the pack normally at 1C. If the pack charges normally and exhibits proper charged voltage, it may be used again for flight. If ANY of these conditions do not exist, discharge the pack completely and dispose of at a battery recycling center. Be sure to trim the main leads at different lengths (so the ends can’t touch easily) and tape the cut ends with electrical tape. NiMH batteries, NiCads and SLA These batteries can be fully discharged at a low discharge rate relatively safely but should be discharged at a low amperage and observed and placed in a fire-proof container during the discharge process. Once fully discharged, cut Revision 1.3 Membership Handbook, Page 39 
 December 1, 2016 the battery leads at different lengths, tape the ends of the cut leads with electrical tape and dispose of the battery at a local battery recycling center. If the pack is badly damaged or cells have erupted, you’re best to cut the leads to reduce shorting potential and use electrical tape to cover any metal contacts and dispose of at your local battery recycling center. LiPo, LiFePO4, and Li-ion Discharge the pack using a discharging cycle at a low rate until the main leads and the balancing leads register zero volts. A damaged battery could still catch fire and burst while discharging. Be sure to place the discharging battery on bare concrete outside or inside a fire-proof container. Dispose of the discharged pack at your local recycling center. If the main leads have been separated from the battery making conventional discharging impossible, I use the Salt Bath discharge method. Salt bathing can be dangerous if conducted improperly and should never be attempted by anyone but a responsible adult. Revision 1.3 Membership Handbook, Page 40 
 December 1, 2016 Salt Bath In the event that you have a Lithium battery that has been damaged or is puffing, reporting the wrong voltage, or otherwise is ready for disposal, a salt bath is a safe alternative method for discharging if done properly. Salt bathing simply involves making a saline solution using regular table salt, driveway salt, water softener salt, or sea salt and tap water. The salt water solution is a crystalline ionic compound that is conductive whereas plain water is a covalent compound and has no ions or charged particles so is non-conductive. The salt water, although conductive, is much less conductive than metal like nickel, brass or copper so the discharging of the battery happens gently. Be sure to allow any damaged packs time to stabilize before attempting a salt bath discharge. I use about eight (8) tablespoons of salt for every one (1) gallon of water. I have disposed of several early LiPos that puffed for no apparent reason by this method and it works very well. Revision 1.3 Membership Handbook, Page 41 
 December 1, 2016 The instructions are as follows: 1. Obtain a plastic bucket like a mop bucket that can hold 3 or 4 gallons of water. Make sure the bucket is non-conductive like ABS plastic! Take EVERYTHING outside and continue. 2. Mix the 3 to 1 salt mixture in the bucket and make sure there is enough liquid to fully submerse the pack. I usually fill the bucket to about one-quarter (1/4) to one-third (1/3) full with the mixture. If you are using a course salt such as driveway or water softener salt, crush the granules first or allow time for the salt to dissolve enough to create an adequate salt solution. The solution should be VERY salty to taste. 3. Snip the battery connector off of the end of the main leads and cut the leads at different lengths to avoid contact. 4. Put on a pair of thick gloves and carefully cut a small slit in each foil cell pack on opposite sides and away from each other to allow electrical conductivity with the cell plates in the salt brine. BE SURE NO POLYMER COMES IN CONTACT WITH ANOTHER CELL OR A VERY HOT FIRE OR EXPLOSION WILL ENSUE! 5. Make sure your salt water bucket is OUTSIDE and away from anything flammable. 6. Carefully place the battery in your salt solution and let it sit for 24 hours. Stay clear of the bucket during this process. Although it’s tempting to stand over top of it and stare, you could be injured if the pack bursts. Revision 1.3 Membership Handbook, Page 42 
 December 1, 2016 7. Expect some “fizzing” or a little foaming during the discharge. After 24 hours the pack should be completely dead. Test it carefully with a multi-meter or volt meter if possible to verify that it reads zero volts. Take the dead battery to your local battery recycling center for disposal. That’s it! Revision 1.3 Membership Handbook, Page 43 
 December 1, 2016 Airplane Skill Level There Is A Match For You Beginner A typical beginner plane will be one that displays very stable, predictable flight characteristics at slower speeds. There are many models labeled trainers ranging from micro planes up to large scale. Many people start out with a high wing configuration for stability. Usually this type of trainer will be a 3-channel (throttle, elevator and rudder) configuration. Starting out with a 3-channel high wing plane will offer a little more room for error mainly because the plane will handle a rudder- only turn more gently than an aileron turn. These planes will have a more generous wing area and lighter wing loading that make them easier to fly. Some manufactures are offering trainers with built in technology that will help prevent a crash if you lose control. Some good trainer planes with flat bottom high lift airfoils are: 3 ch: Hobby Zone Super Cub, 4ch: Sensei, Apprentice, Telemasters, LT-40, PT-40, Alpha 40. Intermediate RC planes that could fall under this category make up a very large number. This group generally includes models that are a little more challenging in their flight characteristics. 4-channel planes with a low wing configuration are usually the next step for many people. Faster speeds and higher wing loading offers more of a challenge and require faster response times than a trainer. Intermediate planes require you to “fly” the plane rather than rely on the airframe design to compensate for a Revision 1.3 Membership Handbook, Page 44 
 December 1, 2016 few mistakes here and there. As mentioned several times, use a flight simulator if you have one. Many low wing combat airplanes fall into the intermediate category. These models generally slip more through turns and require the synchronized use of the ailerons and rudder to execute clean turns. Takeoff and landing speeds are significantly faster than trainers so more flying space is needed. Intermediate planes are more likely to experience heavy damage from crashes due to the higher speeds, heavier airframe, and larger sizes. Some manufacturers are offering progressive trainers that allow for the use of on-board electronic fight assistance and/or airframe modifications such as NACA droops or spoilers that can be removed as your skills improve. Progressive training planes are growing in popularity and are a good choice for someone who has access to an RC flying site with good visibility and ample landing area. Planes with semi-symetrical airfoils, such as the Stik series, Sportsters, Cubs, 4 star 40, Astro Hog are good choices. Advanced An advanced model is usually a plane that requires more skill in situational awareness and stick control. When you tackle a model of this caliber, you should be able to handle just about any kind of situation with confidence and competency. This may be a plane such as a multi-engine warbird that has flaps or a jet that has very high wing loading and flys much like the real plane. This may require total concentration or precise landing procedures to prevent tip stalling. Sometimes a model is labeled Revision 1.3 Membership Handbook, Page 45 
 December 1, 2016 advanced because it requires a higher skill level during the build and set- up. Some planes are just more difficult to fly because of their size or airframe design, so make sure you are up to the task before jumping feet first into a model that is going to require an advanced level of experience to fly. Planes with symmetrical airfoils, such as the Extra’s, Edges, etc. Revision 1.3 Membership Handbook, Page 46 
 December 1, 2016 High Wing Aircraft Common trainers with stable flight characteristics. Typically have a wing dihedral for increased stability. Examples: Cessna 172, Piper J-3 Cub, Taylorcraft. Low Wing Passenger Aircraft/Trainers Private passenger aircraft or military trainers with wing dihedral for added stability. Conventional airframe design commonly made with retractable landing gear. More difficult than high wing due to increased slip during turns. Examples: Piper Cherokee, Mooney Bravo, Beechcraft Bonanza, T-34 Mentor Low Wing Fighter Aircraft Very popular among RC flyers. Low wing design with higher wing loading on shorter wings. Designed for agility and performance. Heavy slip during turns and higher performance increases the difficulty. Examples: American P-40 Warhawk, American P-51 Mustang, British Spitfire, Japanese Zero Revision 1.3 Membership Handbook, Page 47 
 December 1, 2016 Modern Biplane The classic barnstormer, used for aerobatics and agility. Shorter, flat wings produce fast roll rates, slow glide paths and trickier landings. Examples:Christen Eagle, Pitts Special, Super Stearman, Waco’s Mid-Wing Aerobatic Aircraft Mid-wing design allows for very agile flight and extreme aerobatics. Large, symmetrical wing surface with over-sized control surfaces for high control authority. Control responses are very fast and middle, symmetrical main wing experiences drastic slip during turns making this an advanced aircraft. Examples: Extra 260, Edge 540, Sukhoi SU-26, Funtana X100 Inverted Gull Wing Fighter Aircraft Made popular by the F4U Corsair fighter introduced in WWII. Very popular RC plane among enthusiasts. Inverted gull design causes adverse yaw axis “wag” through turns and can be difficult to land. Wing design results in increased agility at the expense of stability. Examples: F4U Corsair, Junkers Ju 87 Stuka, Aichi B7A 
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 December 1, 2016 Flying Delta Wing Flying wings actually have a large wing surface with low wing loading, but the absence of an empennage, or tail section, results in very fast pitch response. Foam models are fairly docile but balsa built-up designs can go extremely fast. Examples: Parkzone F-27C Stryker, Electrifly Slinger, MS Composit Swift Series Delta Wing Jets and Jet Fighters The fastest airframe design in RC. Jets in the electric world are powered by Electric Ducted Fans. Jets have very small wings comparatively allowing for great high speed performance but instability at slow speeds. Always considered an advanced airframe, electric RC jets are gaining in popularity due to advances in motor and ducted fan unit designs. Examples: American F-16 Falcon, American F-14 Tomcat, Russian Mig-29 Revision 1.3 Membership Handbook, Page 49 
 December 1, 2016 Sailplanes and Pylon Racers Foam sailplanes can be extremely gentle and stable to fly, especially with a dihedral on the main wing and are safe for beginners to intermediate pilots. Once you move beyond foam and into built-up balsa, fiberglass, and even carbon fiber, sailplanes and their close neighbor the pylon racer require expert skill. A carbon fiber sailplane recently broke a world record, RC slope-soaring at over 350 mph! Examples: Parkzone Radian, Multiplex Cularis, Avionik D-99, Team Ariane P5 Revision 1.3 Membership Handbook, Page 50 
 December 1, 2016 Learning A Mind Is A Terrible Thing To Waste Learning is a never ending process. It doesn't matter what your age or skill level, there is always something new to learn and discover. Our hobby is constantly moving and evolving every day with new technologies and models that make your flying experience more fun and safe. So with this said, below is a compiled list of websites that provide useful information about our growing hobby. By no means is this an exhausted list, but it is a good start to help you learn and grow with your hobby. This is the AMA (Academy of Model Aeronautics) website. It is a must for all pilots to visit and get to know. It is packed full of information about our hobby along with regulations, safety codes, and educational material. We are just a little bias about our club's website for good reasons. Here you can join the forum for great discussions and help. You can find information and up coming club events. The club members are very Revision 1.3 Membership Handbook, Page 51 
 December 1, 2016 generous with their years of experience so sign up and join the discussion. This website is great if you are into scratch builds and latest technologies. Their motto is "Entertain, Educate, And Elevate The World Of Flight" and they do. They produce high quality videos, podcasts and articles about the hobby and scratch builds made from Dollar Tree foam board. They have an very active user base who post quality articles and reviews covering a large range of topics from electronics, motors, scratch builds, and much more. Revision 1.3 Membership Handbook, Page 52 
 December 1, 2016 Lots of good information and instructions. They keep you updated on the latest news and reviews and have a great knowledge base section that covers all aspects of the hobby. Check it out. Here you can buy and sell used aircrafts, discuss the latest news and topics along with reviews, articles and events happening all over the RC universe. 
 Revision 1.3 Membership Handbook, Page 53 
 December 1, 2016 This is Tower Hobbies' learning website. Tom says it has some of the "best tutorials on getting started in RC". This is a forum group for rc enthusiasts. They list special events and have discussions on all kind of rc topics. They even include a classified section where hobbyist can buy and sell their aircrafts. Revision 1.3 Membership Handbook, Page 54


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