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© UCLES 2008
UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS
General Certificate of Education Advanced Level
Paper 4 Data Response and Essays (Supplement)
2 hours 15 minutes
READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST
If you have been given an Answer Booklet, follow the instructions on the front cover of the Booklet.
Write your Centre number, candidate number and name on all the work you hand in.
Write in dark blue or black pen.
You may use a soft pencil for any diagrams, graphs or rough working.
Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.
Answer Question 1.
Answer any two questions.
You may answer with reference to your own economy or other economies that you have studied where
relevant to the question.
At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together.
The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question.
© UCLES 2008
Answer this question.
The North Sea oil industry
The UK drills for oil in the North Sea. In 1999, production was at 4.5 million barrels a day.
However, as the oil in the easily accessible oil fields was used up, production fell steadily from
1999 until it reached 3.3 million barrels a day in 2005.
Nevertheless, in 2006, many in the oil industry did not consider it to be in decline. Indeed, some
of the industry’s problems were associated with an expanding industry, not a declining one. The
managers complained, for example, about the shortage of skilled labour and the high rents of the
oil rigs. Investment increased by 30% in 2006 and it was hoped that production would rise in
The UK government was keen to keep production high as the industry supported 250 000 jobs
and had a large impact on t