LAW N° 51/2001 OF 30/12/2001 ESTABLISHING THE LABOUR CODE.
We, Paul KAGAME,
President of the Republic,
THE TRANSITIONAL NATIONAL ASSEMBLY HAS ADOPTED AND WE SANCTION,
PROMULGATE THE LAW, AS DECLARED BY THE SUPREME COURT, SECTION OF
CONSTITUTIONAL COURT, TO BE IN HARMONY WITH THE FUNDAMENTAL LAW
IN THE RULING N°061/11.02/01 PASSED ON 26/12/2001, AND ORDER IT TO BE
PUBLISHED IN THE OFFICIAL GAZETTE OF THE REPUBLIC OF RWANDA.
The Transitional National Assembly, meeting in its session of December 3, 2001;
Given the Fundamental Law of the Republic of Rwanda, as amended to date, especially
the Constitution of June 10, 1991 in its articles 30, 69 and 97 and the Arusha Peace
Agreement on Power Sharing in its articles 6-d, 16-3, 40 and 72;
Revisited the law of February 28, 1967 establishing the labour code, as modified and
complemented to date;
TITLE ONE: GENERAL PROVISIONS
This law institutes the Labour Code of the Republic of Rwanda.
An employee in this law is any person, regardless of his/her sex and nationality who has
undertaken to put his/her professional activity, for pay, under the direction and the
authority of another person, natural, or public or private organisation.
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A person hired as statutory or a contractual employee assimilated to a statutory one in a
permanent job of a public service official is not concerned with the provisions of this law.
In this law, any natural person or public or private organisation is considered as an
employer and constitutes a company as soon as he is employing one or many
employees even temporarily.
The company may be made up of many establishments, each of them being formed by a
group of persons working together in a fixed location (factory, premises, working site, and
so on ...) under the employer’s supervision.